• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Prisoners' families have been referred to as the forgotten victims of crime. Why should society be concerned to support such families? Describe the measure that you consider can best be used to offer this support.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Prisoners' families have been referred to as the forgotten victims of crime. Why should society be concerned to support such families? Describe the measure that you consider can best be used to offer this support. The current prison population in England and Wales is reaching 80,0001 and in the coming year there will be a further 150,000 people being sentenced to imprisonment2. Being subjected to the punishment of being held in custody can be a devastating and life changing experience for a person. It can also have a huge effect on the prisoners' family, damaging the way they work and function, making them the "forgotten victims" 3 of the Penal System. Matthews work on the prisoner's family was backed by Shaw4 whose detailed work provided figures that around 100,000 children are affected every year from their parents being imprisoned. His work went on to illustrate how proper visits should be made available, it was in the interest of the child, regardless of the prisoner's interests. It was also pointed out that in recent years there have been several advances in victim support agencies, but few for the forgotten victims. Considering this, there is still no statutory agency that caters for the needs of the prisoners' families. There are increasing numbers of aid and support groups that represent and help the prisoners' families. ...read more.

Middle

It is vital that the family receive honest, reliable information from the solicitor, so they can prepare for the worst which would be the family member sentenced to custody. It would be possible that at this stage that the solicitor put the family in contact with suitable support groups that could aid their struggle form the outset. The Probation Service and probation volunteers can be used as outlet for the family, though a study in 1989 found that only 19% of the families used in the study were contacted at this stage by the probation service17. There are some organisations, which offer support for the family, support that only arose after recommendations, in the 1988 national conference18 in Bristol. The families ordeal continues throughout the custody sentence, bringing further issues into light, including problems with visiting the prisoner, financial difficulties rehabilitation courses and, as mentioned the breakdown of the relationship, especially that between the child and the parent. Help for the families can be found in support groups. These are fundamental in helping the family cope with the situation. They give advice, information that is vital to aid the family in getting over the emotional and practical difficulties that imprisonment can cause. The group, Action for Prisoners Families (APF) is an example of such an umbrella group, they have a helpline that is available for the families. ...read more.

Conclusion

Gunn and D.P. Farrington, eds, Abnormal Offenders, Delinquency, and the Criminal Justice System, Chichester: Wiley. Pp. 113-28 12 http://ww.derbygripe.co.uk/prison.htm 13 Boswell, G., Imprisoned Fathers; The Children's View p18., The Howard Journal Vol 41 No 1 Feb 2002 14 Maguire, Morgan, Reiner, 2002, The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, Third Edition, Oxford, page 671 15 BBC News, 'UK Call to keep mothers out of prison',(1999) http://newssearch.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/504642.stm 16 Matthews, J.(1983) Forgotten Victims, NACRO 17 Smith, S. (1989) Prisoners' Families and the Voluntary Sector, in Light, R. (ed) 1989 Prisoners Families, Bristol, Bristol Centre for Criminal Justice 18 Light, R (1993) Prisoners Families, Bristol and Bath Centre for Criminal Justice, Bristol, page 7 19 Action for Prisoners Families 2004, "Is Anyone Listening?" Briefing on the first year of the prisoners Families Helpline 20 Action for Prisoners Families 2004, "Is Anyone Listening?" Briefing on the first year of the prisoners Families Helpline 21 McMullen, R and Kain, J., Providing Information to people in Prison (2003), Department for Constitutional Affairs, www.dca.goc.uk/family/fla/chap28.pdf 22 http://www.prisonersfamilieshelpline.org.uk./php/bin/readarticle.php?articlecode=9250 23 Monger, M. and Pendleton, J ., Through Care with Prisoners' Families, Social Work Studies No.3, University of Nottingham (1980) 24 McMullen, R and Kain, J., Providing Information to people in Prison (2003), Department for Constitutional Affairs, www.dca.goc.uk/family/fla/chap28.pdf 25 Barret, M (2003) Nacro Prison & Race Services Directorate 26 Matthews, J.(1983) Forgotten Victims, London, NACRO ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Types of children's behaviour and strategies to deal with these

    Elective mutism Empowerment- Enable the child to be proactive in their own outcomes to learn and understand from the environment they are in. Give the child choices so that they can control what they do in a good way. Withdrawal Buddy scheme and inclusion- Set up a buddy system so

  2. Describe how political ideology influences social policy and suggest how this may affect families ...

    Such a belief has shaped welfare reforms and initiatives of the late 1990's and 21st century which have included: the welfare to work programme incorporating the New Deal, Sure Start, working family tax credit and National Child Care Strategy. Pugh (2001)

  1. Child A has varied needs and I have planned as shown in the assignment ...

    If a child is not interested or unable to do the task they may become demotivated. * Supply Teacher - During the Literacy observation (Appendix A) a supply teacher was taking the lesson, although he is a permanent member he is new to the school and the change of routine could have made a difference to the child's behaviour.

  2. Why family structures are changing.

    into consideration are alcohol and drugs abuse Teens are much more likely to have unplanned and unprotected sex when they are using alcohol or drugs. This backs this point up more than one-half of teens (53.3 percent) say the main reason teens do not use contraception is because of drinking or using drugs.

  1. Juvenile Delinquency

    Because many parents are too busy at work, they forget about their adolescent children's basic needs. "The 'dangerous hour' for children and adolescents is the period between the close of school and bedtime. If nothing is provided for them [to do] during that time, they will often be led into bad company and mischievous activities" (Carrigan 309).

  2. Health and Social care

    Intellectual There is also a quiet area where children are encouraged to look at and enjoy the vast selection of books. During the day the children have opportunities to use the art, craft and messy area, the computers, the soft gym, the garden (weather permitting)

  1. Settings in which children's play takes place.

    This could easily wind someone. I would make sure the children in the youth club are aware of the risks. I would then provide the children with a challenge by letting them play football safely. C1 The resources that will support the nursery children playing with the sand and water is the right equipment, making

  2. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    What types of activities are involved in creative play? Physical development Social development Intellectual development Emotional development 12 months Becomes very mobile Can cruise along furniture May start to walk but will tend to fall Tries to crawl upstairs Can stand alone Uses a pincer grasp Uses both hands May hold crayon in palmer grasp Drops and throws toys

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work