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Protecting children-A Good Practice Guide. Child Protection Framework. The Children's Act 1989 is a comprehensive piece of legislation,

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Protecting children- A Good Practice Guide. > Child Protection Framework. The Children's Act 1989 is a comprehensive piece of legislation, which brings together for the first time all private and pupil law proceedings relating to children. In addition to the Act there are Rules of Court, Regulations and numerous Guidance Documents issued by the Department of Health, which expand upon provisions contained in the Children Act. The Children Act aims to achieve a balance between the need to protect children from harm and the need to protect children and families from unwarranted intervention. It encourages arrangements for services to children to be agreed between the parents and service providers whenever possible. The Act embodies the belief that children are best looked after within the family and without resort to legal proceedings unless this is not consistent with their welfare and safety. Section 17 sets out the duty of every Local Authority to safeguard and promote the welfare of children within their area who are "in need" and so far as is consistent with that duty, to promote the upbringing of such children by their families, by providing a range of services appropriate to those children's needs. "Under the terms of section 17 of the Act, every child under the age of 18 is entitled to a full assessment of his/her needs and, if approached, social services have a legal duty to carry out this assessment and can be challenged if they fail to respond to any request for a section 17 child-in-need assessment". 'www.ntas.org.uk/childrenact.' The protection of Children Act 1999 requires regulated organisations to refer the names of individuals considered unsuitable to work with children, to a department of Health list, along with list 99 maintained by the Department for Education and Employment. "This new Act enhances significantly the level of protection for children...... The Act says that childcare organisations (as defined in the Act) ...read more.

Middle

For those children who are suffering or at risk of suffering significant harm, joint working is essential to safeguard the child/children and - where necessary- to help bring to justice the perpetrators of crimes against children. Chris Booth, chairman of the North East Scotland Child Protection Committee and head of Aberdeenshire Council's social work (child care) department, said: "Working with children, families and communities to ensure that vulnerable youngsters get the care and protection they need is a key responsibility that is shared equally across all agencies; with health, education, social work, the police and voluntary organisations all working together." 'Contemporary Issues in the Early Years pg 45' All agencies and professionals should; * Be alert to potential indicators of abuse or neglect. * Be alert to the risks which individual abusers, or potential abusers, may pose to children. * Share and help to analyse information so that an informed assessment can be made of the child's needs and circumstances. * Contribute to whatever actions are needed to safeguard the child and promote his or her welfare. * Regularly review the outcomes for the child against specific shared objectives; and work cooperatively with parents unless this is inconsistent with the need to ensure that child's safety. "Many cases of child abuse could be prevented if everyone was willing to take responsibility and take action. Working together- public and professionals- child abuse can be prevented." 'Helping Abused Children And Their Families pg 82' > Indications of abuse. * Physical abuse 1. Fingertip bruising on the body, arms and legs, which may indicate that the child has been gripped hard. Such bruising on the body may indicate that the child has been shaken. 2. Bruising that shows the shape of a hand or other object with which the child may have been hit. 3. Bruising to the cheeks, sometimes accompanied by a torn frenlum. 4. Bruises of different ages, e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

"Sure Start is the Government's programme to deliver the best start in life for every child by bringing together: early education, childcare, health and family support." 'www.surestart.gov.uk' There are worthwhile schemes to support breast feeding; to help during post-natal depression; as well as developing play facilities for children under 3 years of age in cr�ches, drop-ins, parent link schemes, toy libraries; and many other ways of working to ensure all children have 'good quality' play and learning opportunities to help them progress towards early learning goals. (QCA/DfEE 2000). Sure Start aims to address the needs of parents (mostly mothers), with the job of nurturing babies' health, learning and well-being from the foetus to the 'foundation stage'. "Babies and toddlers are at an increased risk of harm when their parents or carers are experiencing or subjected to the risk factors that can lead to that harm. Some parents are unable to give the consistent nurturing that babies need." 'The Child in Mind pg 37' Hopefully, this Sure Start approach will develop to address the needs of all new mothers/ parents, not only financially impoverished, but also the isolated, stressed and besotted, tired but 'happy' average parent! Many schemes, such as the Peers Early Education Project (PEEP, 1999) in Oxford, offer universal provision (not only targeted at 'needy families') to bring about significant improvement in educational achievement through their projects with books, rhymes and songs for parents with their babies. As well as supporting parents with their babies, an expansion of services in the voluntary and private sectors, day care, co-ordinated early years centres and childminders' networks is burgeoning to support working and studying parents, all part of the political mission and momentum to enhance the life chances of babies and toddlers. "Sure Start is a national initiative set up to tackle child poverty by changing the way services are delivered to under fours in deprived areas. The aim is to enhance existing services by new and innovative ways of working. Programmes work in partnership with local families and existing service providers to give children in disadvantaged areas a 'Sure Start' in life." ' www.surestart.gov. ...read more.

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