• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Renaissance Men: Cellini and Pitti

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ashley Williams October 26, 2006 HIST 233 - Caferro Paper 1 Renaissance Men: Buonaccorso Pitti and Benvenuto Cellini In his essay "The Development of the Individual," Jacob Burckhardt analyzes the dramatic transformation of thought that distinguishes the Renaissance philosophy of self-perception from that of the Medieval man. Central to Burckhardt's thesis is the idea that Italy became the epicenter of this tide of intellectual rebirth because its fragmented political system allowed its citizenry to understand themselves in terms of their personal identities, rather than merely as insignificant parts of a larger group, as had been the case in the Middle Ages. With the freedom to explore and express his individuality, the Renaissance man reached new heights of personal and intellectual development. It was thus the Renaissance man's supreme appreciation and application of his own unique characteristics and talents that set him apart from his Medieval counterparts. According to Burckhardt, it is this attitude that formed the foundation for humanism, the intellectual spirit that fueled the great advances of the Renaissance. If it can be argued that humanism and the individualist spirit defined the Renaissance, then it must be agreed that the memoirs of Buonaccorso Pitti and Benvenuto Cellini testify to their authors' having earned the title of Renaissance men. ...read more.

Middle

Cellini ultimately developed such an intimate relationship with the monarch that Francis would often address him as "mon ami," an almost unheard-of courtesy for royalty to extend to a commoner (Cellini, 288). Pitti's relationship with the French royal family, although remarkable for his era, pales in comparison to the level of intimacy that Cellini and Francis I shared. In addition to glorifying his artistic achievements and prominent social connections, Cellini steps beyond the strict factual accounts seen in Pitti's memoir, choosing to spice up his autobiography by shamelessly promoting his own heroism and machismo. Cellini's description of how he performed "daring deeds" in the defense of Rome during the Spanish attack of 1527 is stirring, but, like all of his fantastic works, it is likely that this story is largely a product of Cellini's vivid imagination and creative discretion (Cellini, 66). The artist's narrative references to his unabashedly scandalous love affairs outstrip Pitti's modest avowals of courtly love and lend intrigue to a story otherwise scattered with anecdotes of temperamental rage and rash violence, the products of a hot temper befitting a man with a Renaissance ego. On the occasion of his brother's murder, Cellini's rage reached homicidal proportions as he set out to avenge his brother's honor by slaughtering his brother's assailant. ...read more.

Conclusion

When Pope Clement grew tired of waiting and sent his officials to collect the unfinished chalice and transfer it to another artist for completion, Cellini became deeply offended and agreed only to refund the value of the materials, adamantly refusing to part with his beloved creation. Despite threats of imprisonment and execution, the artist continued to resist the authorities proclaiming, "the work is mine, I shall do with it as I wish!" (Cellini, 104). Cellini's understanding of his work as physical and emotional extension of his artistic spirit underscores the artist's defining qualities of pride and egotism. In the model of Burckhardt's uomo universale, Cellini and Pitti were both individuals who sought the highest level of personal development, transcending national and cultural boundaries through the mastery and application of their talents. Although Burckhardt's definition of the Renaissance man suggests the achievement of perfection in life's various pursuits, is not necessarily the actual achievement of greatness, but the individual's desire to achieve greatness that defines the "all sided man." Notwithstanding their shortcomings and failures, Pitti and Cellini, in their own exceptional ways and to varying degrees, achieved incredible successes in their personal and professional lives. Even as such, their illustrious careers alone offer only incomplete testimony to their humanist tendencies and Renaissance spirits. Ultimately, Buonaccorso Pitti and Benvenuto Cellini distinguish themselves as Renaissance men through their remarkable individuality, their extraordinary level of ambition, and their unyielding work ethic. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Why family structures are changing.

    about the street at night also she got a chance to socialise on the other hand this is were she began to consume alcohol and this had a very negative effect on her family they began to worry a lot more about her activities out side the home but it

  2. Throughout my essay I am going to study and look at the work of ...

    In the short term Pasteur's work succeeded in saving and improving the lives of many people. His work on vaccination lead to the destruction of the most aggressive and probably most deadly diseases of that time. His work on Pasteurization, being still in use today clearly shows that as well

  1. Health and Social care

    interactive view of the comings and goings of the nursery and a large safe pond with a waterfall and fish. This provides visual stimulation for the young children as well as developing their intellectual skills. The sleeping area is equipped with many resources to stimulate the children's senses.

  2. The situational leadership model

    This brings about a new feeling of commitment. The Y-axis is on the bottom showing that supportive behavior is low. The follower is getting little support and direction. The leader can now discuss problems with the followers and seek joint agreements on defined problems.

  1. Eva Smith's Diary

    I took Renton from my mother's side of the family. I had hoped to conceal my true identity with this new image I portrayed, but the past always has a way of catching up with you. Eventually, after being so sick, hungry and desperate, I ended up working at Palace Variety Theatre, here in Brumley.

  2. Safety Equiptment Execution

    They will poke their little fingers inside the holes and sometimes even their toy which is very dangerous and could lead to them electrocuting themselves. One way of stopping this is socket cover. This is simply a plastic box, mounted onto the wall around the socket and it has a

  1. Cum ajungi la un portofoliu optim de branduri

    cat si de gradul de segmentare a pietei (cate segmente sunt, cat sunt de diferentiate unul de celalalt si ce volum de vanzari poate genera fiecare segment). Astfel, daca piata are un segment atractiv, pe care nu esti prezent, e preferabil sa-ti maresti portofoliul, lansand un nou brand, decat sa

  2. Examining the advantages of creative activities to the client.

    themselves as they have made something creative and also in the future they will re-use it. Hopefully this activity shouldn't take too long to do as I want to get the full attention of my clients and if the activity was long and will use their concentration.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work