• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Renaissance Men: Cellini and Pitti

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ashley Williams October 26, 2006 HIST 233 - Caferro Paper 1 Renaissance Men: Buonaccorso Pitti and Benvenuto Cellini In his essay "The Development of the Individual," Jacob Burckhardt analyzes the dramatic transformation of thought that distinguishes the Renaissance philosophy of self-perception from that of the Medieval man. Central to Burckhardt's thesis is the idea that Italy became the epicenter of this tide of intellectual rebirth because its fragmented political system allowed its citizenry to understand themselves in terms of their personal identities, rather than merely as insignificant parts of a larger group, as had been the case in the Middle Ages. With the freedom to explore and express his individuality, the Renaissance man reached new heights of personal and intellectual development. It was thus the Renaissance man's supreme appreciation and application of his own unique characteristics and talents that set him apart from his Medieval counterparts. According to Burckhardt, it is this attitude that formed the foundation for humanism, the intellectual spirit that fueled the great advances of the Renaissance. If it can be argued that humanism and the individualist spirit defined the Renaissance, then it must be agreed that the memoirs of Buonaccorso Pitti and Benvenuto Cellini testify to their authors' having earned the title of Renaissance men. ...read more.

Middle

Cellini ultimately developed such an intimate relationship with the monarch that Francis would often address him as "mon ami," an almost unheard-of courtesy for royalty to extend to a commoner (Cellini, 288). Pitti's relationship with the French royal family, although remarkable for his era, pales in comparison to the level of intimacy that Cellini and Francis I shared. In addition to glorifying his artistic achievements and prominent social connections, Cellini steps beyond the strict factual accounts seen in Pitti's memoir, choosing to spice up his autobiography by shamelessly promoting his own heroism and machismo. Cellini's description of how he performed "daring deeds" in the defense of Rome during the Spanish attack of 1527 is stirring, but, like all of his fantastic works, it is likely that this story is largely a product of Cellini's vivid imagination and creative discretion (Cellini, 66). The artist's narrative references to his unabashedly scandalous love affairs outstrip Pitti's modest avowals of courtly love and lend intrigue to a story otherwise scattered with anecdotes of temperamental rage and rash violence, the products of a hot temper befitting a man with a Renaissance ego. On the occasion of his brother's murder, Cellini's rage reached homicidal proportions as he set out to avenge his brother's honor by slaughtering his brother's assailant. ...read more.

Conclusion

When Pope Clement grew tired of waiting and sent his officials to collect the unfinished chalice and transfer it to another artist for completion, Cellini became deeply offended and agreed only to refund the value of the materials, adamantly refusing to part with his beloved creation. Despite threats of imprisonment and execution, the artist continued to resist the authorities proclaiming, "the work is mine, I shall do with it as I wish!" (Cellini, 104). Cellini's understanding of his work as physical and emotional extension of his artistic spirit underscores the artist's defining qualities of pride and egotism. In the model of Burckhardt's uomo universale, Cellini and Pitti were both individuals who sought the highest level of personal development, transcending national and cultural boundaries through the mastery and application of their talents. Although Burckhardt's definition of the Renaissance man suggests the achievement of perfection in life's various pursuits, is not necessarily the actual achievement of greatness, but the individual's desire to achieve greatness that defines the "all sided man." Notwithstanding their shortcomings and failures, Pitti and Cellini, in their own exceptional ways and to varying degrees, achieved incredible successes in their personal and professional lives. Even as such, their illustrious careers alone offer only incomplete testimony to their humanist tendencies and Renaissance spirits. Ultimately, Buonaccorso Pitti and Benvenuto Cellini distinguish themselves as Renaissance men through their remarkable individuality, their extraordinary level of ambition, and their unyielding work ethic. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Why family structures are changing.

    Although she met her friends there and they had a negative influence on her they lead to her skipping school and also led to underage drinking. The disco had a positive effect on the family as it gave Mary the chance to get out with her friends instead of hanging

  2. Examining the advantages of creative activities to the client.

    on the internet, the pencils and colourings crayons were available by the Ashleigh school. It didn't cost me anything to get the resources that I needed. During this creative activity the children were getting a bit distracted as we were in the surroundings of the other pupils in the classroom

  1. Safety Equiptment Execution

    They come with straps so that you can have security and the buckles are made difficult to undo by the child so that the parent is not hesitant that the baby can get out.

  2. The situational leadership model

    The beginner may become enthusiastic about wanting to learn. They will probably be highly committed but competence will be low. The Y-axis is on the bottom end showing us that supportive behavior is at a low point. The second quadrant is located in the upper right, S2 coaching leadership style.

  1. Explore the authors approach to the character of Jim Hawkins in the Novel "treasure ...

    of his age as we must also remember that he has never been away from home before. As we also expect, Jim is a little afraid of meeting John Silver for the first time and we know this when he says: "I plucked up the courage at once, crossed the

  2. Cum ajungi la un portofoliu optim de branduri

    branduri, ar trebui sa ai branduri care sa acopere cat mai multe nevoi ale consumatorilor - ceea ce este, prin definitie, aproape imposibil. Un brand devine brand tocmai pentru ca ajunge sa fie asociat mental cu o anumita nevoie. In plus, pe pietele occidentale consumatorii sunt din ce in ce

  1. Eva Smith's Diary

    I took Renton from my mother's side of the family. I had hoped to conceal my true identity with this new image I portrayed, but the past always has a way of catching up with you. Eventually, after being so sick, hungry and desperate, I ended up working at Palace Variety Theatre, here in Brumley.

  2. Parenting Philosophy

    This means that I will have to start combining breast and bottle feeding. At this time, I plan to breast feed before and after work. I will provide bottles only during the time that I am at work. I do not want to use unnecessary formula.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work