• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Show how Roddy Doyle in "Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha" explores the darker side of childhood.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Critical Essay-Paddy Clarke Show how Roddy Doyle in "Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha" explores the darker side of childhood. Roddy Doyle successfully explores the darker side of childhood using effective technique in "Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha." In the novel, the events in the life of a ten year old boy are told through first person narrative, giving us a humorous account of life. The novel begins in a content upper working class family in Ireland in the nineteen sixties. Paddy Clarke is a ten year old boy growing up in a world of building sites, fights and other children. The story shows his growing awareness of arguing parents and a violent father. The relationship between Paddy and his brother grows from one of Paddy being powerful and controlling but sometimes caring to a relationship in which they are distant and Paddy's power is now gone, and his brother older and unable to be manipulated. From the seemingly content family portrayed in the beginning, the ending of the book leaves Paddy with no friends after a fight, and an absent father. From the beginning, the structure of the novel is consistent. ...read more.

Middle

Most issues such as these which are brought up are conveyed through humour. The vocabulary used in the novel is not Standard English and the use of such talk creates realistic scenes. Liam and Aidan, two of Paddy's school friends who are brothers live in a poor house compared to other children in the town. Although Paddy sees their one parented house, convenience junk food and un-matching for furniture as something of a novelty, Liam and Aidan have to live in an environment which is to the disadvantage of their health. The O'Connell's mother is dead, and their father does not seem to show much interest in his household, or children although he loves them. His lack of house care is shown in Paddy's remark, "It wasn't dirty, the way a lot of people said it was; it was just that all the chairs and things were bursting and falling apart." Paddy is confused by the idea of not having a mother in the house, especially when Mr O'Connell sat down where Paddy's mum would sit at the kitchen table. ...read more.

Conclusion

She'd started going faster..." The use of the repeated "she" is effective in dramatising the scene. Paddy's sense of fun with his friends is somewhat twisted in that he shows little care towards them. At one point, a group of boys are playing and ignoring Aidan as he struggles to get out of some mud. "Can you drown in mud?" asks one boy, and Aidan's panic and fear are ignored. Instances like this throughout the novel give us an impression of Paddy and his friends having rather a rough life. Their playgrounds are building sites, and this gives an impression of sadness to the novel that the children involved have no proper grounds on which to play. The scene described in the last paragraph is especially effective in showing the change in relationship between Paddy and his father after his father leaves home. A distancing has been shown by Paddy shaking hands with his dad instead of a hug, and the line, "His hand felt cold and big, dry and hard," perfectly illustrates the closeness between the two which no longer exists. "Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha" is an emotional novel which keeps the reader engaged with humour, which is used to show the darker side of childhood. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The nature/nurture debate in childhood development.

    4 star(s)

    Innate temperament could play a role in this. However it may also be the surroundings that the child was brought up in, such as parental control, children who have clear rules are more confident, and less aggressive (Patterson 1980). The best outcome for a child is when the parent explains

  2. Why family structures are changing.

    Pete meets Jakes physical need of shelter and warmth by the house they live in it belonged to Pete and was a gift to Jake. These are the physical needs that are met by Jakes family. Jakes emotional needs are mainly fulfilled by Kane as he was brought up in

  1. "For both Rousseau and Wollstonecraft, childhood represented a crucial phase of self-development. Discuss this ...

    He left behind him a cult following, his name and writings became infamous during the French revolution. Mary Wollstonecraft was born in 1759 to John Edward Wollstonecraft, who was a tyrant and a bully, and Elizabeth Dixon. She was the second child of six.

  2. Unit 1, Drama exploration of childhood

    It started off in what I thought was a very cartoon like comic fashion. It was very quickly flicking through important events which in a different style would have been in a lot more detail but the cartoon style still got its point across.

  1. Cum ajungi la un portofoliu optim de branduri

    cat si de gradul de segmentare a pietei (cate segmente sunt, cat sunt de diferentiate unul de celalalt si ce volum de vanzari poate genera fiecare segment). Astfel, daca piata are un segment atractiv, pe care nu esti prezent, e preferabil sa-ti maresti portofoliul, lansand un nou brand, decat sa

  2. How does Doyle create a convincing voice for the ten year old narrator in ...

    Being so young, he is very na�ve and just wants to prove he can 'sort out his little brother', 'in front of the others'. To Paddy, his friends are more important than his little brother, and he enjoys playing tricks on Sinbad and upsetting him.

  1. Essay on Poetry - childhood

    The father is quite drunk so the child 'hung on like death'. The child was either afraid of letting go in case his father would stumble over him or did he just like it too much to let go? 'such waltzing was not easy' this suggests that the child might

  2. Compare the use of fantasy in 'The Poor Relation's Story' and 'Superman and Paula ...

    up games involving Superman; total fantasy but, she is not ashamed or regretful in anyway. She believed that their Superman games were far superior to all the other games played by the other boys and girls; "Our Superman games made us outlaws, yet gave us a sense of windy superiority."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work