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Sociological theories and health

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P1/M1 Functionalism- A sociological approach which sees the social institutions of the society as working in harmony with each other, making specific and clear contributions towards the smooth running of the society. This would simply be applied to health and social care through the running of a hospital making sure that everyone works together and comes to an agreement with the treatment their patients needs. Marxism- Marxism, as well as being a conflict model, it's also a structuralist model. It was first developed by Karl Marx (1818-83). He also thought that individual behaviour was shaped by society but he believed that it was the economic system that defined society and people's place within it. ...read more.


Feminists saw that the medical professions being dominated by males as a problem. How this can be used in Health and Social care- Hospitals could used the Feminism perspective meaning they treat every man and women the same, and it is not seen as anything different when a women is a Doctor instead of a man. It also works with men being a nurse instead of just women. Interactionism- A sociological approach which focuses on the influences of small groups on our behaviour rather than the power of large institutions. These theorists believe that our behaviour is driven by how, in smaller groups, we interpret situations- how we see ourselves in relation to other people in the group, how we see other members and how they see us. ...read more.


Collectivism- Collectivism is that the state should provide health and care facilities for the vulnerable people of society. This should be funded through national insurance and taxation. The government in this country help the ill through the NHS. The New Right- The post-war collectivist approach to welfare was that they regard the meeting of care needs to be largely the responsibility of the individual and their family. So the hospitals could say that if the person was well enough to go home but still be cared for that they could go and it would be the family's responsibility to look after the patient. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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