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Symptoms and Causes of heart disease

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´╗┐Heart disease 1. Heart Attack: It is caused due to interruption of blood supply to a part of the heart, causing heart cells to die. This is most commonly due to occlusion (blockage) of a coronary artery, which are the vessels supplying the cardiac muscles. It is most commonly caused due to the collection of lipids in the blood vessels due to which the vessels get occluded leading to decreased blood supply to the cardiac muscles. Due to this the cardiac muscles are not able to obtain proper blood supply leading to death of the cardiac tissue. Symptoms: - of acute myocardial infarction include sudden chest pain (typically radiating to the left arm or left side of the neck), shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, sweating, and anxiety. ...read more.


Common symptoms are-: Cough Fatigue, weakness, faintness Loss of appetite Shortness of breath when you are active or after you lie down Swollen (enlarged) liver or abdomen Swollen feet and ankles Waking up from sleep after a couple of hours due to shortness of breath Weight gain 3. Hypertension: Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure. Blood pressure is a measurement of the force against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through your body. Blood pressure readings are usually given as two numbers -- for example, 120 over 80 (written as 120/80 mmHg). One or both of these numbers can be too high. The top number is called the systolic blood pressure, and the bottom number is called the diastolic blood pressure. ...read more.


Skipping beats - changes in the pattern of the pulse 8. Sweating Precautions: Visit your doctor regularly. Avoid fat, sodium and spices. Do light exercise regularly. Take balanced diet with lots of fresh fruits and green vegetables. Avoid stress, anger and worry. Control your weight. Avoid smoking and alcohol. Include fibers in your diet. Drink 10 to 15 glasses of water in a day. Control your sugar, cholesterol and triglycerides. Take more potassium and magnesium. Join laughing and always try to be happy. Think positive. Avoid refined, processed and canned food. Include garlic and onion in your diet. First aid: 1. Call emergency services 2. Loosen the clothing of the person 3. Recline the patient 4. Make the patient relaxed and avoid any physical exercise 5. When unconscious give cardiopulmonary resuscitation 6. Give chest compressions and if required artificial respiration. ...read more.

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