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The care needs of people at different stages of life.

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HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE. BOOKLET 4. CARE NEEDS. Introduction. During each of the life stages, an individual will require some sort of care need that must be fulfilled. Therefore, care workers provide a specific service depending on the needs of the individual person. Care needs often depend on the age of the service user. Infancy As soon as a child is born, they require 24 hour attention by their carer. Therefore, it requires physical well- being such as being given food, warmth, shelter and sense of safety. This is the key stage when emotional relationships develop; therefore, initial relationships are important to the new born. Childhood Even during childhood, a child is very dependent on the carer for day to day care tasks, although they have gathered some independency. They still rely on their parents to provide them with an emotionally secure environment. A child's intellectual needs are met through regular attendance at school. Furthermore, a child's external relationships develop; so to keep a child sociable, social needs must be met. Adolescence As soon as a child becomes an adolescent, they are beginning to become more and more independent although they still require a secure home environment. ...read more.


Also, they helped me emotionally by keeping me in a safe and warm environment. During childhood, I became a little bit more independent. Therefore, I did not require the same care needs. I still required some physical needs such as to get fully dressed, help with finishing all my lunch, etc. My intellectual needs extended to regular reading and homework. My parents took me out on weekends to extend my social contact. Also, my family provided me with emotional support for example, with friendships in school. Now that I am in adolescence, I have become very independent physically. However, when I am ill, then I require support from parents. This is what can happen in adulthood, where you are quite independent, but still require some help. My intellectual needs are met through regular school. Emotionally, friends and family are important to keep my spirits up. This is also important during adulthood, where you are independent. Social contact is regular by going to school. When I am an adult, my care needs will be very different. This is because an adult is very independent, although they will sometimes need help as well. ...read more.


If a child's self- concept is damaged from an early age due to the reason that their care needs have not been met, it can cause problems later in life. Adolescence: During adolescence, an individual's self- concept becomes centred on how they look. Carers must make sure that they promote positive self- esteem by praising how they look. They must make sure that they focus on the positive traits of the adolescents, to give them a good sense of self- worth. Also, carers must provide an environment of belonging, so that adolescents feel wanted and safe. Adulthood: As an adult begins to mature, their self- concept changes according to what roles they are performing. Carers must ensure that they are supportive in order to decrease the burden of stress that an adult may be carrying. An adult who is encouraged to be competent, in the workplace for example, will do so. Furthermore, adults must feel motivated. Adults with disabilities require more physical and emotional support, in order to be able to live their lives as normally as possible. Old Age: During old age, an individual goes through many different physical, psychological and social changes. Therefore, they must be supported in order to release the stress of events which may have happened in the last three or four decades. In order to aid physical needs. ...read more.

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There is some good knowledge demonstrated here regarding the needs at different life stages. The writer is clearly aware that as we get older our needs can become greater or fewer. I would suggest that the age ranges for the various life stages are indicated - this helps any reader to understand why needs have become greater or fewer at a given stage. At times, it was not always clear what the needs were at a certain life stage especially towards old age, and there were some stereotypical comments about people which need to be amended. Nevertheless, there is some good work here and I did get a good sense of the writer's understanding of the topic.

Marked by teacher Diane Apeah-Kubi 16/04/2013

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