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The central themes are the relationships within the family fundamentally affected by the great change of Gregor Samsa.

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Introduction

The central themes are the relationships within the family fundamentally affected by the great change of Gregor Samsa. The relationship between Gregor and his sister Grete is perhaps the most unique. It is Grete, with whom the metamorphosed Gregor has any relation of understanding, suggesting that the Kafka intended to lend at least some significance to their relationship. Grete's significance is found in her changing actions, feelings, and speech toward her brother, which seem to parallel Gregor's own metamorphosis. She is the only one in the family with whom Gregor was intimate. At first, she takes it upon herself to clean his room and feed him. With time, however, she loses interest in this and leaves him alone. Change is a major theme through The Metamorphosis as well because Gregor undergoes many changes and his transformation evokes change in his family. The family is exhausted and overworked, and this is shown through their growing indifference to Gregor. ...read more.

Middle

Gregor made sure that his parents and sister were taken care of, but in this process he forgot his own needs and in result he still remains unloved. He was no longer thought of as a son or a brother, but as a support system. Gregor's existence before the metamorphosis was much like after it, a life of the bug. Kafka shows how your own family can turn against you if something strange occurs. Gregor begins remembering people from his past and thinking about the fact that they were now removed from him and would not help him or his family. Gregor's living urge to help his family causes him to have a flash of human recollection. Instead of taking care his own fate, he is thinking of how he has let his family down. Gregor manages to escape his guilt, when he realizes that his family doesn't care about him anymore. Grete, being the only one to clean his room, doesn't bother to pick out his food any more and cleans his room very hastily and poorly. ...read more.

Conclusion

Through this Kafka is foreshadowing that Grete's metamorphosis into adulthood will cause Gregor's demise. Moreover, Gregor's room has become a dumping place for the family, and old extras furniture is pilled everywhere, giving him little room to wander. Gregor feels that he is totally forgotten. Everyone was too busy to care much about Gregor. They hired a charwoman to come twice a day and do the thorny work. She discovers Gregor but isn't repulsed by him at all. Gregor now gladly accepts his isolation. He has lost interest in his family. He ignores the left open door and letting his body starve to death and spending his days lying futile on the floor. When the charwoman attempts to be friendly to Gregor, this only irritates him and he attempts to run at her to scare her off. This shows the lack of interest of his family that infected him, and he can no longer be bothered to care about others or himself. His previous desire for human contact has been completely abolished, though occasionally takes an indistinct interest in events outside his door. 865 words ...read more.

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