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The Dietary Needs Of Individuals At Different Life Stages

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Introduction

´╗┐Thomas Ward P2: To Know The Dietary Needs Of Individuals At Different Life Stages Everybody?s dietary needs depend on a lot of different factors. One of the main stages that is dependant is life stages (New born, Adolescent, Adult and Pensioners). A balanced diet is a diet that has a varied amount of foods or nutrients (Carbohydrates, Minerals and Fruit and Vegetables etc). This is so that the individual eats healthy amounts according to their needs but each person has different needs. Life Stages: Infancy 0-3 Years ? New born babies are very good when eating foods as their needs are simple. They need milk and water and this meets all of their needed nutrients. Babies can be given milk through a bottle or the mother can breast feed. There are my benefits of breast feeding and they are: . It contains all nutrients in correct amounts. . It contains antibodies that protect new born against diseases in the first few months of life. . It is clean whereas the bottle may contain bacteria etc. . It is already produced by the mother and it can be given in the correct portions. . Breast milk does not cause allergies so the baby will be safe. When the baby is being carried in the womb and at birth, the mother of the child is encouraged to breastfeed for at least a few weeks after the baby?s birth. On the other hand some women chose that they don?t want to breast feed or sometimes they can?t as a result they use formula milk (modified cow?s milk). ...read more.

Middle

If the family of the baby have a good diet then this can be passed down to the baby for example if a person like brussell sprouts this is down to the genes. Older People: 65 Years and Older ? As we grow older our bodies become less able to do things like exercise and so our need for energy decreases slightly. Even though they don?t need a lot of food older people still need energy from foods. The sources needed are proteins, vitamins and minerals. Some older people may not eat enough food and so they can?t have a balanced diet with a good amount of nutrition. One of the reasons why they don?t eat enough could be due to depression or being alone. Sometimes if they lose their partners then they may not feel like cooking and they lose their appetite. In order to maintain their appetite they are advised to cook tasty and easy nutritious meals. This will help them to avoid illness. If they do exercise here and there then they will be healthy physically and mentally and this will increase their social wellbeing. Concept of a Balanced Diet Intake and Needs ? Apart from breast milk there is no other single food that provides nutrients for a healthy and balanced diet as a result we have to eat a varied amount of foods to keep us healthy. Usually there are no unhealthy foods as such as it is just unbalanced amounts of foods that can cause consequences as health problems. ...read more.

Conclusion

As they grow older their metabolism slows down so the portion sizes what they eat should be changed. Their diets should contain enough iron. Older Person ?As their life reaches this stage their physical state becomes less active and so their diet should contain less fats and more protein to help with the repair of cells especially if they are ill. Their diet should contain calcium to help maintain strong bones. Portions should be reduced as they are less mobile. Factors Influencing the Diet of Individuals: Religion And Culture ? Culture and religion have an influence on what foods people eat furthermore some foods may be eaten by one person in a family but another may not even though they are from the same background. Some people have different tastes due to their taste buds. People make different choices for different reasons that can be ethical or religious and different people have different likes and dislikes. Social Class ? There is some evidence that people? status in society can have an impact on their diet. For example: High class people may eat a healthier because they have had an education and so they can afford better foods. On the other hand a low class family will have less money and so they will not be able to afford the luxury foods like a higher rank family. This is due to the low income. However not all high social class people eat healthily as their jobs may involve travelling and so they don?t have the time to cook fresh foods and so they might buy fast food. Also they may eat too many foods that contain fats and sugars. ...read more.

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