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This assignment is based upon observing two 3 year olds gross motor skills during outdoor play.

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Introduction

Samantha Stanley BTEC National Diploma in Early Years Observation! Milestones Child A Child B Comments The child can stand and walk on tiptoe. Both Child A and Child B were able to stand on tiptoe, although they weren't very balanced. The child is able to stand upon one foot. Child A was using the hopscotch printed along the floor and following the pattern. The child is able to ride a tricycle using pedals. Child B sits on the tricycle, doesn't use the pedals, she uses her feet to push herself along. Child A is able to turn corners sharply. The child is able to throw a ball overhand and catch a large ball with arms out stretched. Child B is only able to throw a ball overhand. The child is able to kick a large ball with force. ...read more.

Middle

Child A is 3 years 10months, whereas Child B is 3 years 3 weeks, this would help show how children physically develop at the age of 3 years. The checklist is my recording of the observation which took place on 7th October 2004. By looking at the checklist and the differences between the children, it is clear to see that a child's physical development changes from basic skills into more challenging skills, e.g. Child A is able to use pedals on a tricycle, whereas Child B sits upon the tricycle and uses her feet to push herself along the playground. In this observation I have noticed that both Child A and Child B play alone. I thought that Child B might play alone because she only joined the nursery this week so she still might be adjusting to the surroundings. ...read more.

Conclusion

This also relates to the social constructivist model of learning as it is based on the interaction of a child with their environment. It shows how children learn things themselves using their surroundings. "In play, a child always behaves beyond his average age, above his daily behavior, in play it is as though he were a head taller than his normal self." (Lev Vygotsky 1978) My observation shows that Vygotsky's theory is not necessarily correct, as Child B is 3 years 3weeks old and she still cannot complete activities which according to the 'developmental norms' a 2 year old should be able to complete. Vygotsky along with Piaget and Bruner realised that children are active in their learning. My observation shows me that Jerome Bruner's theory that he did not agree that children passed through stages, but rather that they developed different ways of thinking is more suitable, as every child's development is different. ...read more.

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