• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'To what extent do research studies support the view that maternal deprivation can have long term effects on individuals?'

Extracts from this document...


Maddy Haynes 1st November 2002 'To what extent do research studies support the view that maternal deprivation can have long term effects on individuals?' Maternal deprivation is when the child is deprived of love from the primary caregiver (i.e. the mother) in the early stages of development. This essay will examine the latter effects of bond disruption, and the studies that have been carried out to support it. Early attachments by the primary caregiver are important in the child's latter life. ...read more.


The results exemplify that children are affected by bond disruption in early development. Bowlby later in 1952 drew up the 'Maternal deprivation hypothesis' acknowledging the results he had found earlier. In this hypothesis, Bowlby focuses on the effects of deprivation and the needs of a child. The hypothesis states that if a child has not been able to form "a warm and continuous attachment with his primary care giver" (mother), then he will find it difficult forming relationships with other people. ...read more.


Also not all research shows that separation leads to maladjustment, in 1956 Bowlby found no such ill effects caused. In 1981, Rutter suggested that behavioural problems were the result of broken homes causing disharmony, rather than the separation. Rutter did a study on over 2,000 boys aged between 9 and 12, who had all experienced separation whether it be from physical illness, death of mother, psychiatric illness, or discord within the family. Rutter found that the boys were four times more likely to become delinquent rather than when separation was caused by illness. This supports Rutter's hypothesis that it is family discord rather than separation on its own, which cause delinquency and emotional maladjustment. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Family Support Resource

    to assist a child in need. Before my Initial Visit to the family, I read the original multi-agency referral the school sent the SSD, the Initial Assessment form, and the Social Worker's referral to FSRS (Family Support Resource Services. Each referral apparently indicated problems within the family; including younger child

  2. The Emotionally Intelligent Team

    They also assist us in communicating (facial expressions, verbal and listening skills). Because of the importance of emotions in our everyday functioning, one would desire knowledge and ability to detect, regulate, and act on his emotions as accurately and efficiently as possible. This is the idea of being emotionally intelligent.

  1. My work - placement for this term is taking place in 'Coastal View, Residential ...

    I noticed that the resident who had had a stroke was finding it hard to understand speech and to communicate. Also, I didn't realise that people with Parkinson's disease sounded drunk, but they do. Their speech is very badly slurred and they seem to have difficulty forming words.

  2. Nursery Equipment research

    becoming overheated * Blankets should be made of materials that are easy to wash and dry * Pillow It is safer for a baby to sleep without a pillow because there is a higher risk of suffocation. When a pillow is used to prop up the baby in a chair or a pram, it should be firm and not soft.

  1. Research into both, the short and long term effects of deprivation/separation (including Bowlby's maternal ...

    According to Spitz and Wolf (1946) how was longer separation rarely associated with complete recovery of your answer to question 5? They studied over 100 apparently normal children who were hospitalized. They became apathetic and sad but recovered quickly when restored to their mother if the separation lasted less than 3 months.

  2. Why family structures are changing.

    The positive point from this is that as this is an NHS service it allowed Kane to get free glasses therefore limiting the financial strain on his dad. However the waiting list was very long and it took Kane a while to get on it therefore he was suffering before he received the correct diagnosis.

  1. Juvenile Delinquency

    Moreover, they are pressed to find a place to sleep overnight. Police will kick them out when they are sleeping in parks, security guards will ask them to leave when they stay too long in malls (Gaetz 429). Eventually, homeless young people may have difficulties finding any friend who will let them sleep overnight in his or her house.

  2. This assignment will discuss and critically analyse maternal welfare, observing the effects of alcohol ...

    Subsequently substance abuse can be both biological and social. Furthermore, in pregnancy it has been linked to cognitive and interactional difficulties, more severe problem such as small head size low birth weight. This in turn could bring about long-term effects of drug misuse on family social circumstances the parents ability to care for the child.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work