• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent does research provide evidence that day care is beneficial for social and/or cognitive development.

Extracts from this document...


To what extent does research provide evidence that day care is beneficial for social and/or cognitive development. (18) There have been many psychological studies that have been carried out to show the effects of day care on children's cognitive and social development, both positive and negative. Andersson carried out a longitudinal study of over one hundred children aged between three and thirteen. He aimed to study the effects of day care on the cognitive development of children by assessing children from all different backgrounds and classes and assessing them at different ages (8 and 13) looking at the child's teachers ratings of their cognitive ability as well as results from IQ tests they carried out. He found that school performance and IQ was at a higher amount for children who had entered day care before the age of one, and the academic performance was lower for children who hadn't experienced day care at all in their child hood. ...read more.


It An example is Bryant's research shows that childminders need to stimulate the child's cognitive development. Another strength is that research suggests that day care is particularly valuable for children from deprived homes. This shows that research has helped us realise the way in which we can give deprived children a 'head start' so they are not so disadvantaged when they start school. However a weakness of this research into day care is it is difficult to generalise the results of research into day care because the effects depend on factors otrher than just whether the child is in day care or not. There could be many other variables connected to the success of a child at school, for esample if they were taught to read by their parents at an earlier age or not, or if their education was given more attention by their parents. Another weakness is there are a number of problems with the methodology involved in the studies of day care, such as day care ...read more.


Also, some of the studies, such as Belsky, have used the strange situation to measure social development, which is a weakness as the strange situation was created by a western researcher and will risk the possibility of its western views coming across in the findings collected, making a biased study. These weaknesses suggest that the results of day care research may be low on reliability. In contrast research by Bryant and Belsky suggests day care has negative, not positive, effects on development. For example Bryant found that about 25% of children were happy at the minders and at home. 37% were unnaturally quiet, passive and detached at the minders, but responsive at home. 37% were unresponsive in both environment, 25% of all the children were disturbed and had poor speech. He concluded that childminding can be successful if children are introduced slowly to their new environment, and if that environment is stimulating and affectionate. This suggests that not all the research supports the view that day care always has positive effects on development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Child Development - Child Study

    4 star(s)

    Jack should be encouraged to help with his sister. This can be done by letting him feed her and help to bath and change her under supervision of course. Jack would soon accept her if he was more involved and he would not feel so insecure.

  2. Child development - Study of a child

    Observations When I took Alanya to the park she was rather excited as I think she was glad to get out of the house for a bit because she hasn't been out much since Christmas because its too cold to go out really and do things.

  1. To what extent can it be said that play is a social, cognitive and ...

    By the age of four children within a group often enjoy playing make believe and interpret an adult i.e., playing doctors. Co-operative play allows the children to represent their own social world and those of adults. Social skills of a high order are often shown in games involving twelve or more children.

  2. Health, Social Care and Early years provisions.

    They can do this by getting into contact with their nearest social services office that will put them into contact with the reception and referral team. This reception and referral team will be able to do the following points: * give you information and advice * They might pass on

  1. Health and Social care

    because it is free for people to use. The money comes from taxation and this is how the NHS in itself can operate. The funds are distributed such that 70% of the funds go to the care workers in the form of salaries. This includes cleaners and part time staff.

  2. What the Effects of Day Care on Social and Cognitive Development.

    Howes, Galinsky and Kontos (1998) found that a modest intervention programme which aimed at improving the caregiving practises of caregivers in child care did improve the attachment security of children within childcare. They arranged for a number of trainers to receive in-service training aimed to increase their sensitivity. Six months after training Howes et al.

  1. The main aim of this paper is to compare and contrast parental rights and ...

    To whichever clan the child is affiliated to, the father is supposed to maintain him. In Manchichi v Manuel47 the National Traditional Appeal Court stated obiter that where a man and a woman have issue as a result of an irregular cohabitation, the man is supposed to maintain the children

  2. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    If yes how do you know? I think that my daughter like creative play because she always wants to buy a new colouring book and pencils. She plays with her creative toys everyday. 1. Do you think that creative play helps with fine motor skills? Such as picking things up, and developing hand coordination?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work