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Unit 2 - Section D - Measures of health

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Introduction

Section D Measures of health Our blood provides every organ in our body with the materials they need to stay alive and healthy, this blood is carried from the heart to the rest of the body through arteries. Blood pressure is the pressure that our blood has against the walls of our arteries. Normal blood pressure varies from person to person but it is usually anything up to 140/90 but is lower fro children. The top number, systolic pressure; represents the maximum pressure in the arteries as the heart contracts and ejects blood into the circulation and the bottom number, diastolic pressure; represents the minimum blood pressure as the heart relaxes after a contraction. Blood pressure is measured through an instrument called a sphygmomanometer, which is a rubber bag that is placed around the upper arm in line with the heart, and inflated through a rubber tube from the inside of a rubber bag to a digital pressure gauge. ...read more.

Middle

She was discharged the next day once it had dropped. After comparing Emma's results to the chart, it shows that after her recovery her blood pressure has returned to normal because both her systolic and diastolic blood pressures are in the normal blood pressure range. Emma's healthy blood pressure also prevents her from heart disease, strokes, and other serious conditions from high blood pressure or permanent damage to body organs through low blood pressure. Because Emma smoked for about 6 years in the past, she is lucky to have a normal blood pressure. I then got Emma to complete the Harvard step test. The Harvard Step Test is a type of cardiac stress test for detecting cardiovascular disease but it is also a good measurement of fitness and ability to recover after strenuous exercise. ...read more.

Conclusion

Fitness index Rating 90+ Super fit 81-90 Excellent 71-80 Good 61-70 Fair 51-60 Poor 50 or below Very poor This means that Emma's result was on the boundaries of 'good', which is okay but is border lining on fair. This could be because Emma does not get enough exercise and is not very fit or because she has smoked for 6 years in the past. A lack of exercise could result in obesity, stroke, low stamina or little strength and the possible outcomes of smoking are cancer to many places in the body and coughs/colds etc. After observing Emma's result I think that she could improve her fitness and health by exercising regularly through a particular regime such as going to the gym, jogging, swimming etc. She could also try eating a healthier, more balanced diet, with 3 meals each day. But these results were only taken once and aren't necessarily accurate and therefore I am only suggesting that Emma follows my advice. ...read more.

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