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What evidence is there that attachment is a two way process?

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What evidence is there that attachment is a two way process? Attachment is the strong bond a child forms with his or her primary carer. According to Maccoby to recognise that attachment has occurred between the child and carer you need to look for the following signs: * Seeking to be near the other person, * Showing distress on separation from that person, * Showing joy and relief when the person returns, * Being generally aware and orientated to the carer e.g. responding to sound their voice or engaging them in their activities- when a child gives its carer a toy. Although none of these signs actively involve the other person doing something towards the child, attachment normally needs a conscious link between child and carer. ...read more.


This, however, is normally a positive thing and will help the child for when it is born as its mother will feel a strong instinct to care for it. One thing that affects attachment is skin contact. There is a theory that straight after birth there is a 'sensitive period' where bonding can occur through skin-to-skin contact. This is a two-way process which involves the carer holding the baby close to them as much as possible, straight after birth to help bonding, and within 15 minutes the baby can often actively react and attach to its carers. Another two-way process in bonding is simply when the carer talks to the baby and the baby becomes used to the voice and starts to attach to it, the baby soon learns to link the voice with the face of its carer and attachment occurs. ...read more.


When a mother is without her child she will often wonder where they are and sometimes worry if they can't find them. Also, the mother would show joy and relief when they are returned to their child. The most important sign is the fact that the mother is generally aware and orientated to the child e.g. responding to their crying or playing with them. The learning or behaviourist theory also proves that there needs to be an interaction between mother and child in order for attachment to occur. The learning theory explains that babies learn to recognise the mother with feeding and this satisfies hunger. This is a two-way process though which they can attach to each other. Eva Blake Psychology Seminar (3) 12W PHSG Page 1 of 3 ...read more.

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