• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What sort of factors need to be present if a child is to follow a normal process of language acquisition?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHAT SORT OF FACTORS NEED TO BE PRESENT IF A CHILD IS TO FOLLOW A NORMAL PROCESS OF LANGUAGE ACQUISITION? Children's development of language takes place at different ages but certain factors are essential for this acquisition of language. The case study of 'Genie' is a perfect example of the factors needed to acquire language and the effects on the absence of these factors. Language acquisition is aided by several essential features: interaction with people; positive encouragement; mental stimulation and physiological development. The interaction between a child and a parent develops from birth. The continuing interaction between a young child and adults around them helps to develop their acquisition of language. The input theory of child language acquisition supports the interaction between children and parents and a major role in a child's development. The input theory suggests that using child directed speech is key to normal development of language. When using motherese, parents use simple sentences with few syllables to communicate with children. The lack of syllables allows the child to understand much easier. Along with simple sentences a parent would repeat phrases several times and use over emphasis to reinforce what they are saying to the child. Interacting with children gives them the opportunity to start to imitate what they hear. ...read more.

Middle

This theory could also be supported by imitation; a child could learn how to behave by imitating the behaviour of adults around them. The work of Nelson further developed Skinner's theories and it was found that children learnt much quicker if they were corrected over errors of fact rather than grammar and that positive correction was more effective than negative correction. In the case of Genie she was never encouraged to talk and was punished brutally for any mistake she made. After Genie was found she was given encouragement but the effects of her punishment stayed with her for a long time after her liberation. As a child gets older a major part of vocabulary development is from the ability to ask, "what's that". Introducing a child to different environments allows the stimulation of the child's mind. When going out into the wider world a child has the opportunity to ask what something is. This process allows the child to associate new words with different object. Children learn at this stage that objects can exist outside their viewpoint and stop using underextension. This allows the child to link inanimate objects to names that would have previously been lost. ...read more.

Conclusion

The case study of Genie is another good example of how her neglect contributed to her not being able to speak. Genie was given a diet of mashed up food therefore wasn't able to develop the necessary muscle needed to produce speech. In addition to her bad diet Genie could have been mentally retarded and that maybe a reason for her not progressing after she was rescued. Scientists did not find out whether the problems that Genie had were from birth or whether they were acquired through her neglect. The combination of interaction with people, mental stimulation, positive encouragement and physical development all play a major role in language acquisition. Genie was deprived of all these factors for many years and was found and taught to speak. Unfortunately Genie didn't progress past the two or three word stage. When Genie was found she had reached Lennenberg's 'critical age' and her story suggests that what he said was true and a child needs to acquire language before puberty in able to progress normally. Other cases such as 'Victor' and the 'Czech Twins' all support Lennenberg's theory as they were found before his 'critical age' and after integration into society progressed normally after a few years. Adam Weeks 12A English Language: Child Language Acquisition ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Child Development - Child Study

    4 star(s)

    Navigates self-locomotion skilfully, turning sharp corners, running, pushing and pulling. Climb ladders and trees. Can stand, walk and run on tiptoe. Expert rider of tricycle, executing sharp u turns easily. Stands on one (preferred) foot for three to five seconds and hops on preferred foot.

  2. Child development - Study of a child

    However, a few seem to appeal to children of all ages and are used over a long period of childhood. These include bricks, climbing frames, dolls and soft toys, and toys for bath time. Bricks: Bricks probably have the longest life of any toy, building with bricks encourages children to

  1. Compare how Fanthorpe and Scannel present the experience of being a child in “Half-past ...

    a lower life-form than humans which is the antithesis of her initial rank. This change leads to a more positive ending: "He escaped into the clockless land of ever, Where the time hides tickless waiting to be born" The use of the word "born" is a positive image, which leads

  2. Compare how Fanthorpe and Scannell present the viewpoint and concerns of a child in ...

    The use of compound words show the child's incapability to view time in the pragmatic way that an adult would. This is the reason why "Time" is given a capital letter.

  1. Why family structures are changing.

    It allowed the parents to have more opportunities and free time to gain access to employment, therefore allowing the family to have an annual income this would automatically ensure that an adequate living condition was provided therefore the poverty would be over come.

  2. Basic Normal Stages of Child Development

    Can now imitate sounds and respond to simple commands, should be able to say a few simple words Emotional development continues as the child starts to understand the feelings of fear and curiosity. Can now be responsive to own name and can give and take objects, and can play slightly

  1. Compare how Fanthorpe and Scannel present the viewpoint and concerns of a child to ...

    As a whole these compounded word conjure up the familiar image of a comforting childhood world. These things more familiar to the child are contrasted with those he does not find so comforting and he does not understand such as objective time which is cold and regulated, illustrated in the bleak title "Half-Past Two".

  2. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    Aroush?s understanding has developed a lot from the first visit to the last. Aroush also knows her facial features. When her mum asked her to point at her nose, she did. This is quite good for Aroush. In a comprehensive textbook for gcse by Brennand hall it states that a child of 13 months should be able to: 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work