• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

1. Why did the campaign for women's suffrage develop in the years after 1870? (15 marks)

Extracts from this document...


1. Why did the campaign for women's suffrage develop in the years after 1870? (15 marks) The campaign developed at that time, as it was then the rights of women began to improve. Though women were still thought of as second-class citizens, during the 1870's the women's suffrage became a mass movement. Prior to 1870, there were laws that meant that women were unable to keep any of their earnings once they married. That also meant that all her possessions belonged to her husband as well. In 1870, the Married Women's Property Act meant that women were allowed to keep �200 of their earnings. Women such as Caroline Norton are what helped the campaign develop. After a court found that she was innocent of adultery, Caroline Norton's husband left her and took their children, taking with him her inheritance. Because of the laws at that time, she had no real control over whether she was permitted to see her children, even when one of her sons died. She fought this, even though British law was against her as she was technically the property of her husband. She battled this until in 1873 the law was changed so that all women could see their children if they were divorced from their husband. ...read more.


This meant that all members must only be focused on the work of the WSPU, that they cannot help any other suffrage. On 13th October 1905, at a Free Trade Hall, the WSPU made a conscious decision to separate themselves from the other women's rights campaigners. Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenny were arrested during their protests in the Liberal meeting. It was then that they realized that to be listened to by the public; they needed to get attention by bad behaviour. They were sentenced to prison, and the public were shocked at this so-called 'unwomanly behaviour.' So, whereas the suffragists thought that by being pacifist, they would make a difference, the suffragettes had the opposite opinion. To the suffragettes, they believed that the worse their behaviour, the more publicized they would be, and so the could make more of a difference. This soon meant that they were staging hunger strikes when in prison. This is the reason why the 'Cat and Mouse act' was rushed through in Parliament. This is when the prisoner would be released when starving, and once better would be imprisoned again. But this only lasted a couple of months as later the women were force-fed. ...read more.


The fact that during the war, the suffragettes stopped the violence, and instead helped the war effort meant that people would listen to their views. Whereas before they were automatically condemned for the violence used in campaigns, but as there was no militant activity there was no real reason to criticise them anymore. Though the fact that women were helping out so much in the war effort changes people's views on them, it was not the only factor that gave them the franchise. During the war, there was the Coalition Government and members of this were pro-women's suffrage. In 1917, the Prime Minister Sir Asquith - who was anti-women's suffrage - resigned. The new PM was Lloyd George, who was actually sympathetic to women receiving the vote. The fact that women had done so much during the war meant that passing the bill was easier that it was before the war. It would have been even unfair if women had done so much during the war, yet they had still not gotten the vote. But there were men that were less qualified and had the vote. This double standard was also a reason. So though the war effort played a part in them receiving the vote, it was not the only reason why women were able to vote once the war had ended. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. World war 1

    Both sides used chlorine or mustard gas which is poisonous gases; they were used to try to kill the enemy's front line of soldiers. It was not very reliable and both sides carried masks, so it was not used much in the later part of the war.

  2. Why did women fail to gain the vote between 1900-1914?

    even before conscriptions were introduced and still after two years of war the farmers had not been replaced and there was a huge shortage of food. In 1916 when conscriptions were introduced making it illegal not to sign up the farmers and miners were exempt from this law due to the shortage of food and fuel.

  1. Source Work- Women in World War 1

    Source 7 is much better at reflecting this wide variety of roles. Therefore it is more reliable as source of information to tell us about the work women did during the war. * * * Source 9 is governmental document written after the war about women employment during the war and revealing statistics from the time.

  2. Describe the conditions that soldiers experienced on the western front in the years 1915-1917.

    Troops were told by their officers that the barbed wire would have been blown apart leaving them an open road to the German trenches. They were also told that they would encounter virtually no defence from the Germans as they assumed that they were dead.

  1. Slave trade

    another for slavery, which then became a growing demand for such European goods. The export of so many people left Africa's population permanently declining compared to other parts of the world. Also because it was mainly man or teenage boy the Europeans were taking there was hardly any strength for work to be done.

  2. Why did a campaign for Women's suffrage develop after 1870?

    Women over 30 gained the vote in 1918 mainly because of women's contribution to the war effort. Do you agree? Despite the endless drive and determination of the suffragists and suffragettes for the right for women to gain the vote, their campaigns were put on hold to join with the war effort.

  1. history coursework on women suffrage 1870

    Dorothea Beale used her success at Cheltenham Ladies College to demonstrate what a good school could achieve. In 1870 the government made school compulsory for boys and girls under ten. At first attendance was bad, as most children had to work at home so in 1880 the government passed new

  2. How much did the CID improve investigative policing in the years 1880-1950?

    There was deficient communication between the CID and the owners of the dogs; this meant that the CID had wasted valuable time on waiting around due to the fact that they weren?t informed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work