• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

‘Stalin’s industrial policies were more successful than his attempts to modernise agriculture’ - How far do you agree with this view?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Stalin's industrial policies were more successful than his attempts to modernise agriculture.' How far do you agree with this view? The USSR was 50 - 100 years behind the west. They had to catch up within 10 years or go down. It needed to compete with the USA by reorganizing and modernizing. This was done by introducing the Five Year Plans in 1928.The first five year plan concentrated on the heavy industries such as coal, iron, oil and steel. Stalin ordered these to double in five years. The second Five Year Plan began in 1933 and focused on consumer goods, but by 1934 the emphasis had changed to military expenditure. A third Five Year Plan was begun in 1938, but was cut short by the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. Collectivisation was part of the first Five Year Plan and was an attempt to move peasants to large collective farms so machinery and skilled labour could be used more effectively, ad so no individuals gained profit. ...read more.

Middle

The only incentive to keep working was fear. Many, if not all skilled engineers and workmen were arrested and taken to prison camps or killed on charges of sabotage to stop them using their personal skills for personal profit. This caused problems for factories: uneducated, unskilled labourers did not know how to work machines, and they broke down. Huge projects such as building the new industrial cities such as Magnitogorsk, forced many men to work in freezing conditions, and die in freezing conditions if they did not work hard enough or if they could not cope. It is estimated that 50 000 000 people died as a result of harsh working conditions. Did collectivisation work? Its aim was to transform 25 million farms into under 250 000 farms. By 1932, 62% of farms where collectivised and by 1940, 400 000 collective farms had been set up. The extension of state control over the peasants was huge; it gave Stalin a chance to enforce regulations. ...read more.

Conclusion

Five million people died in the Ukraine alone, one quarter of the population of Kazakhstan was wiped out and overall 20 million people died from famine. Within a few years nearly 20 million people had been transported to forced labour camps of prisons and many of them died there of hunger, exhaustion or disease. As the more realistic targets of the Five Year Plans reveal, Stalin's government was capable of learning from its difficulties and errors and revising is aims. Therefore, though the areas of faults were momentous, the overall achievement of Stalin's revolution was incredible. I agree that that industrialisation, although it had its major flaws, was more successful than the modernisation of agriculture as fewer deaths were caused, and less destruction was left in its wake. Collectivisation on the other hand was the cause of famine, murder and the disruption of farmers' lives. The statistics of the 1930s do not give us an accurate view of the so called revolution, but from what information is available, Stalin succeeded in many ways. But how can any such achievement be a success with so many innocent lives lost? Sam Daniels 30/04/2007 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How successful were Stalins Economic Policies?

    The idea of introducing mandatory Kolkhoz's, or collective farms, was very communist because it meant peasants all worked together for the good of the country, without making a profit for themselves. An important part of collectivisation was dekulakisation, which aimed to 'equalise' Russian peasants by eliminating the Kulaks, or rich peasants, usually ones who owned animals or farm machinery.

  2. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    I think that the five-year plans succeeded quite well on many fronts, but also failed on others. These plans did raise Russia's economy quite a lot, gave Russia a new place in the world and they did, in a way, show that communism worked.

  1. The Policies of Joseph Stalin 1928 1953

    Source I is an example of the control Stalin had over the Soviet people. He created a cult of personality which masked the truth and showed Stalin as a God-like figure. Though both sources are biased, they give an accurate view of the Show Trials.

  2. How did living conditions change in towns as a result of the Industrial Revolution ...

    This resulted in factories moving into city areas . Due to the giant move into city areas , the wealthy had purchased up to an acre or more of land and built closely packed houses on narrow streets . Most of the houses were terraced .The majority of the homes

  1. Explain why there was an Industrial Revolution

    A further cause of the Industrial Revolution was Britain's farmers producing more food. Once the population began to rise, there were more and more people needing food. Farmers could charge higher prices, make bigger profit and still sell all their produce.

  2. How Successful Were Stalin's Policies During His Leadership of the Soviet Union?

    This forced the regime to divert resources into the countryside that it had not planned for. The policy was unable to transform Russian agriculture and agricultural and grain production dropped resulting in an inflation of food prices.

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people' - ...

    However, the splendid benefits of the scheme can also not be forgotten. The fact that the output from heavy and light industries doubled, new chemical and machine tool industries were set up along with the mineral extraction excelling to very impressive extents all contributed to the funds that were raised.

  2. Evaluation on the Effect of Stalin's Economic and Social Policies

    The second option was to plead guilty, no matter how far fetched the accusation, and your family would live. So, more often than not, the trials ended with the accused being shot, or deported to a prison camp in Siberia.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work