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1st World War Started: 1914 - 1918 The reasons why it started.

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Introduction

1st World War Started: 1914 - 1918 The reasons why the war started: - many Slav countries became independent and Austria-Hungary feared that the inside of Austria-Hungary will be collapsed, so they took over Bosnia in 1908 (Serbs were annoyed and had a society called 'Black Hand', in which Gavrilo Princip killed the Archduke) - the assassination of Archduke (Austria-Hungary) in Sarajevo by a Serb - Austria launched the war with Serbia, which means the start of the Great War - Russia want the channel of the sea route to the Mediterranean - Germany tried to bread the allies between France and Britain by provoking crises of Morocco, but he succeeded just bringing them more closer together and more anti-german - Kaiser Wilhelm II didn't want war, but he made more enemies than friends - Kaiser Wilhelm II let France and Russia form an alliance - German's plans were to attack France, through Belgium (3.August, 1914) - Expanding navies in Germany and Britain - Britain (1906) ...read more.

Middle

- The president of France (Poincar�) wanted to brake German's country into small states, but Clemenceau was sure that nobody will agree with him, so in the treaty he just try to maker Germany as weak as he can. Woodrow Wilson (USA) - president of USA - Was a university professor and was an idealist. - Took his 14 points to the Treaty - He wants just peace, no punishment (opposite of Clemenceau) - The 14th point was the most important point of his 14 points - League of Nations to be set up David Lloyd George (Britain) - Prime Minister of Britain (won the election by promising to 'make Germany pay' - He was a realist and could be seen as the 'halfway point' between Wilson and Clemenceau - He wanted Germany to lose their navy and its colonies - He didn't want to punish Germany too hard, because he was afraid that Germans would like to revenge and will launch another war and they also want to start to trade with Germany soon. ...read more.

Conclusion

5/ League of Nations - was set up as an international 'police force' - Germany were not invited to join the League until it had shown as a peace-loving country German was to lose: - 10 % of its land - all its overseas colonies - 12.5 % of its population - 16 % of its coalfields and half its iron and steel industry German's feeling: - they don't agree that they started the war - they don't think even they lost the war (citizens did not understand the situation of German's military had been at the end of the war) The leader of Germany at the end of the war: - Ebert was the leader of Germany. - He had no choice and even a comment or a speak during the Treaty. - He had to accept the treaty, because it seems like if not, the war will brake out again and Germany might not win. - He as a soldier, is better to die in the fighting than to listen other people, but he didn't want his people to die with him, so he had no choice, he had to accept it. Test Review 1 ...read more.

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