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(3) How did the hostility between Austria and Serbia lead to the outbreak of War

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Introduction

(3) How did the hostility between Austria and Serbia lead to the outbreak of War? * Serbia wanted to unite all Serbs in the Balkans, she always eyed on Bosnia and Herzegovina that had large Serb population but Austria took it amid the chaos caused by the Young Turk Movement in 1908. It stirred Serb nationalism to boiling point. This made Serbia an irreconcilable enemy of Austria. This increased tension between Austria and Serbia. * Serbia encouraged Slav people in Austria to seek independence and sponsored secret society "Black Hand" to launch terrorist activities. ...read more.

Middle

* On 28 June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne was shot dead by Gavrilo Princip of the Black Hand at Sarajevo, the Bosnian capital. * On 5 July, 1914, Germany assured Austria that should there be an Austro-Serbian war, Germany would give Austria unlimited support as an ally. * On 23 July 1914, Austria sent an ultimatum to Serbia and demanded Serbia to indemnify, apologize, admit responsibility, punish people involved in the assassination and suppress all anti-Austrian societies in the presence of Austrian officials. ...read more.

Conclusion

* On 30 July, Germany feared she would face a two-front war and sent an ultimatum to Rus demanding her to demobilize on 30th. * Rus refused and Ger declared war on Rus on 1 Aug. France mobilized in support of Russia. * On 4 Aug. German declared war on France. Ger invaded France through Belgium according the Schlieffen Plan. * On the same day, Britain sent ultimatum to German to stay away from Belgium which was a neutral country. When it was ignored, Britain declared was on Germany. * The hostility between Austria-Hungary and Serbia set off the Austro-Serbian War and it also led to the involving of all the great powers in a general war, WWI. ...read more.

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