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"A Lack Of Strong Central Government In Germany Was The Main Reason For The Achievement Of Power By The Nazi's In 1933, Discuss"

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Introduction

Simon Henry 5C2 Mr. Williamson Higher History "A Lack Of Strong Central Government In Germany Was The Main Reason For The Achievement Of Power By The Nazi's In 1933, Discuss" The Weimar Republic emerged from the defeat in World War One. A war, which crippled the German Economy. Germany was unstable at this time and after the formation of the Weimar republic, the constitution became weak. The economic problems the Weimar Republic faced accelerated its downfall as the problems stuck those who felt that the Republic had already betrayed them. The reparations program imposed on Germany that they did not pay caused the French occupation of the Ruhr in January 1923, and led to the total collapse of the Germany currency. The Republic had mainly survived the 20s because of economic stability. However, the hyperinflation hit the middle-class the worst wiping out bank accounts and pension funds, this left then traumatised and confidence in the Republic dropped further. From 24-29 the US loans from the Dawes Plan was a facade of economic recovery, short-term loans were being used for long-term investments. ...read more.

Middle

Germany had a long militaristic, autocratic and authoritarian tradition. Hitler carried this on but the Weimar republic didn't. The Germans failed to develop their democracy to enable it to succeed instead they carried on their strong state led by a powerful leader. The natural even inevitable leader at this time was Hitler. He used the Brownshirts to parade in the streets and be on display to show the militaristic side and he wore uniform when speaking to the people. He used a symbol, the swastika, to signify his party. He based his party on and used propaganda to promote the authoritarian foundations that he intended for Germany. The democracy of the Weimar Republic was built upon weak foundations so this allowed Hitler to reinforce his authoritarian ideas especially since Hitler was against democracy. Hitler was a very skilled politician. He used dualism in the Reichstag to play his opponents off against each other. Despite the Nazis being revolutionary, they came to power using constitutional methods. Hitler would not be satisfied by power that was limited by a constitution and with the presence of other opposing parties. ...read more.

Conclusion

At the centre of this political fiasco lay Hindenburg, the last guardian of the Weimar Democracy. His decisions coupled to that of his son's Oskar, had encouraged the rivalries between Papan and Schleicher in the first instance. It was their political scheming eventually leading to the downfall of the Weimar Republic. When Hitler made an agreement with von Papan on 4 January 1933 to obtain Chancellorship for himself, the end of the Republic was at hand and a new authoritarian regime had begun. In the end it was the actions of the people at the top that reinforced the collapse of popular confidence in the democracy. Together with an initially weak political system, an economy in slump and the not too distant memories of the war and Versailles, it was easy for the Nazis to advertise the benefits of authoritarian government. Even though there was a short period of relative stability, the onset of depression brought hidden flaws to the surface again once more. Democracy was in unreliable hands and the Nazis could offer competence, certainty and an all-important sense of confidence, something the Weimar Republic lacked during all of its years. ...read more.

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