• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Account for Martin Luther King's successes in giving improved civil Rights for Black citizens in the USA in the 1950's and 60's.

Extracts from this document...


Account for Martin Luther King's successes in giving improved civil Rights for Black citizens in the USA in the 1950's and 60's. Martin Luther King produced many successes for the civil rights of black Americans in the 1950's and 60's period. Along with the SCLC, he began to change the way that blacks were treated in an unequal racist society. With his extraordinary speaking ability, inspirational courage and strong-minded philosophies, he was the cause of many victories for the civil rights movement, changing the lives of millions of blacks living in America. As a well educated, successful man, he did not take a leading role in the civil rights movement until the Montgomery Bus boycotting, of 1956. As the president of the Montgomery Improvement Association, he found it his duty to help the discriminated black community to fight against an unjust law. His job was in the organisation of the boycott. He was in charge of the financing of the project, deciding that people would not be charged for using the car pools, and he collected funds and donations from anybody who supported the cause. It was this organisation that He also gave many of the boycotters' inspiration and the strength to carry on when it looked like the Bus Company would not give in. Without King, it would have been doubtful that the boycott would have been a success. ...read more.


So as more and more people began to follow the protests, the strength of Martin Luther King's campaign grew stronger and stronger. With mass numbers of people attending the rallies, marches and boycotts, they became a force that could no longer be ignored. So with King's philosophies, the popularity towards the movement grew considerably across the world. This gave the protesters hope as they could see progress, and consequently, a difference to the situation. As the number of supporters for equality grew more and more people began to see what an inspirational person he really was. This was portrayed in his extraordinary speaking ability. King had the power to grip his audience, dramatically and powerfully delivering speeches that created an atmosphere of emotion and determination. This inspired his followers and motivated them to keep fighting for what they believed in. King was seen as a person who could articulate the black Americans demands. His "I have a dream" speech is still to this day one of the most famous speeches ever. He also delivered his message through his inspirational writings. With examples such as "A letter from a Birmingham Jail", he managed to draw many peoples attention to the racial problems in his country. He did not only attract more followers to his SCLC party, but he also joined with groups such as the SNCC and CORE to encourage people to work together. ...read more.


This was more acceptable than the radical idea's of Malcolm X, who wanted to gain power over the whites, and maintain racial inequality. For this reason, King's approach obviously gained more support. As a priest, King also used Christianity to show that blacks and whites were equal. Through religion, people could see that there were similarities between the groups, and equality should be created. It also kept the black people in unity, as they got together to pray and maintain hope of victory. King also became friendly with the presidents of the country, this way his message could be demonstrated to everybody. He was more likely to achieve his aims, if he had good relationship with the President, and therefore the country. King was eventually murdered for his cause, showing that he gave his life for the good of the racist situation. This indicates the passion, determination and courage he used to try and change the racist situation in America. He had dedicated his whole life to the campaign for civil rights, and with the introduction of the Civil rights bill of 1964, he had been successful. With such victories as Selma, Birmingham, and Montgomery, with such tactics as the freedom rides, bus boycott and Sit-ins, and he had made an enormous impact on an unjust society. Along with many natural qualities such as his speeches and writing, he could build up mass support for the campaign, and with inspirational techniques and strategies, he was able to make huge steps towards equality in America.... ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Political Philosophy of Dr. Martin Luther King and Malcolm X - a comparison.

    After his break with the Nation of Islam, Malcolm soon announced the establishment of his own religious association: 'the Muslim Mosque'. In April of 1964, he took on the name "El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz" and set forth for a pilgrimage to Mecca.

  2. What was the contribution of Martin Luther King to the civil rights movement?

    Freedom rides were another effective form of peaceful protest. Although the buses themselves had been de-segregated, the bus-stations, shops and restaurants continued to have 'whites only' signs. It involved black civil rights leaders catching buses to southern bus stations; on arrival they would try to use 'whites only' services.

  1. Why did a campaign for civil rights emerge in the 1950s? The civil rights ...

    which had not been present at the time of these other rulings. Adam Fairclough has argued that in order to understand why the modern civil rights movement began in the 1950s one needs to view it as a 'two act play with the first act based on events before the mid 1950s' (Cook, 1998, p.9).

  2. Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1975

    The state ordered him to let 9 black students into a white school. The troops were there to keep the black students out, although he claimed that it was that he couldn't guarantee their safety there. Judge Davies granted an injunction against Governor Faubus, three days after the students were let back into the school.

  1. What role did Martin Luther Kings play in the Montgomery bus boycott?

    on the fact that the protest's success had been the result of collective thought and collective action. He was also accused of poor organisation skills and he was criticised slightly for putting his family in danger. King, by many, was considered to be the focal point of the boycott.

  2. Malcolm X and Martin Luther King: Compared and Contrasted.

    In contrast Malcolm X only preached to one constituency, the militant Islamics, and he showed his contempt for King's attempts to allow people of all creeds and colour to help gain civil rights for black people when he criticised the march to Lincoln's memorial in Washington as being "run by

  1. Why was Martin Luther King both so bitterly criticised, and so deeply mourned by ...

    If King approved of something, he would support it, get involved make speeches and try to raise the profile of causes, which usually portrayed injustice. King wanted to dramatize causes because the 'press were leaving' referring to the fact that civil rights protest were no longer making the headlines or getting much publicity any more.

  2. Why was the use of Non-Violence Protest effective during King Jr.’s Campaign for improved ...

    People were able to see for themselves the callous violence used against the blacks. Dramatic photographs in the press also served to shock readers. In Birmingham in 1963, photographs, such as those by Charles Moore, showing police dogs attacking black people shocked the nation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work