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After the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917

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Introduction

After the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 After the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, Russia was exhausted. Elections were held in Russia on November 25, to elect a constituent assembly. The Social Revolutionary Party obtained the number of votes received by the Bolshevik party. Many of the Social Revolutionaries were in favor of establishing, through a democracy elections, a governing body which would rule accordion to people wishes. When the assembly meet in Petrograd on January 18, 1918, trouble broke out because of the recent elections. Than in March the Treaty of Brest / Litovsk was signed between Germany and Russia. With the outcome of the treaty, Russia lost more than one quarter of its agricultural land. About a third of the nation's population, almost all of her coal mines, more than half of her industries and a large part of the nation income. A long and bloody Civil War occurred in Russia from 1918 to 1921. ...read more.

Middle

The main reason there was a Famine in Russia during the Civil War was the policies followed by Lenin's government. They were in desire need for food, so the could supply the Red Army and the workers in the cities. To make matters worse they experienced droughts in 1920 and 1921. There wasn't enough food for the peasants themselves to eat, let alone a surplus for people in town. During this time the economy laid in ruins. Industrial production stood at thirteen per cent of prewar volume. The grain harvest had fallen from seventy four million tons to 30 million tons. Inflation during this time was rampant. Lenin introduced the New Economic Policy. He was aware that war communism had failed. The peasants had no incentive to grow more food. The NEP dealt with these problems, the following two ways: - Peasants were to be allowed to sell any surplus food, which they produced. ...read more.

Conclusion

(world revolution). Stalin favored world revolution, but first he wanted to make the Soviet Union stronger. The Soviet Union was well behind the other major powers in industrial power. With this Stalin and the other communist leaders felt the weakness of their country. They needed to build the country back fast or be crushed by the capitalist powers of the world. So, Stalin would develop the five-year plan. This would help the Soviet Union get back to where they belong in ten years. They stressed on making it an industrial nation. Stalin had different aims to speed up the development of industry. He adopted Trotsky's argument that industrialization was necessary to build up a revolutionary proletariat. Stalin added a new argument to this; industrialization is the new policy of socialism in ones country. For good or for ill, Under Stalin's leadership the Soviet Union reached the first rank of world powers. From being one of the most backward countries in the world, the Soviet Union became one of the most highly industrialized. ("Stalin's Achievements," n.d. ...read more.

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