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American Colonies

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New England Middle Colonies Southern/Chesapeake Colonies Colony/ Year Founded: Colony/ Year Founded: Colony/ Year Founded: New Hampshire (1623) Massachusetts (1630) Rhode Island (1636) Connecticut (1636) New York (1626) New Jersey (1626) Delaware (1638) Pennsylvania (1682) Maryland (1634) Virginia (1607) North Carolina (1650) South Carolina (1670) Georgia (1733) Characteristics of Settlers - kept own language and customs - determined to take on hardship - learned new skills and everything - upper class: landowners - lower class: servants - everyone is religious - Dutch, Swedes, Jews, Africans, English, French - mostly populated by men - people dyed quickly - crafts people arrived later on - goldsmiths, jewelers, carpenters first arrived Geography and Primary Economic Activity - large settlement - good climate for growing season - focused on Mass. ...read more.


worked for themselves whenever needed to - Quakers & Mennonites created slavery - slaves bought by Dutch - free Americans increased - Amos fortune saved slavery - indentured servants - 1619, Dutch brought African slaves - poor/homeless from London - growing of tobacco Religious Influences - 1625, King Charles created pruitism - pilgrims were determined and religious - separatists tried hard to escape persecution - everyone believed in God - tried converting Natives - Jews had freedom in North America - Europe suffered severe persecution - gave freedom to all Christians - many protestants arrived - Baltimore was a place for Catholics Distribution of Land and Property - land was used after the purchase of Natives ...read more.


Interaction with Natives - pilgrims had trouble surviving - Squanto helped pilgrims - brought to unknown places - taught to fish and crop - Roger William and William Penn treated Aboriginals fairly - Protestant minister thought the Natives were 'unholy' - John Smith traveled with natives in search of food - attacked the natives settlement - natives taught settlers how to grow crops System of Governing the colony - colony elected own officials and ran own affairs - William Bradford, first governer of Plymouth - William Penn controlled Delaware - W. Penn created and bought Pennsylvania - NY controlled by King Charles and NJ by Quakers - 1618, London Company gave colonists the right to elect a representative - ruled by council then king - Georgia lead by a MP ...read more.

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