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American President Roosevelt and German leader Hitler faced political and economic problems during the 1930s and dealt with them in similar and dissimilar ways.

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Introduction

American President Roosevelt and German leader Hitler faced political and economic problems during the 1930s and dealt with them in similar and dissimilar ways. Faced with severe unemployment and depression both Hitler and Roosevelt had to develop strategies to deal with these economic crises. Amongst the economic problems, Hitler and Roosevelt also faced opposition but, Hitler being a totalitarian leader and Roosevelt being democratic, their strategies to overcome them were very different. Hitler and Roosevelt had different styles of government but had similar opposition. Because of the differing governing styles, the opposition were dealt with in very dissimilar ways. The term often used to describe Hitler's rule is Totalitarianism. "Totalitarianism is a system of government in which power and all aspects of state affairs are in the hands of one party that tolerates no opposition" (Mason, 1996:126). Because Hitler was a totalitarian leader, this meant that opposition was minimal. If opposition presented itself, such as when the Social Democratic party led resistance groups, the Nazi police had no trouble in crushing those who opposed. ...read more.

Middle

It was clear that not only did Roosevelt desperately want America to be strong again, he wanted hope and optimism among his people. While Roosevelt selflessly tried to better America's state, Hitler, on the other hand, tried in vein to boost the German economy and to make Germany self-sufficient and rearm the damaged country. Because Germany had been affected severely by World War One and the Treaty of Versailles, Hitler saw the selfish need for an almost "revenge". "Hitler was determined to...destroy the Versailles settlement" (Lee, 1989: 36). His main motive for boosting the economic slump was to make Germany strong enough to prepare for war in the years to come. Because of Hitler's and Roosevelt's differing motivations, this affected the priorities they each had. To deal with the economic crisis, Both Hitler and Roosevelt created very similar ways to boost the economy. Roosevelt, with the assistance of his trusty group of advisors (the "brain trust"), created what was known as "The New Deal". The purpose of this plan was to create ways to aid the economic crisis. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Federal Emergency Relief Act was a programme of public works that was introduced to create jobs for the unemployed. This sent many unemployed out to build dams, roads, bridges and buildings. Also, Roosevelt created the Civilian Conservation Corps. Men were sent into conservation camps all over the country planting trees and building dams. This saw unemployment drop by roughly two and a half million men. Similarly, Hitler, as advised by Hjlamar Schact, also created public works. "Well over a billion marks went on public work schemes" (Hughes, 2000:37) the public works set up Motorway systems (known as Autobahnen) that created highways and sent millions into jobs. Both these strategies, put in place by both Hitler and Roosevelt saw unemployment drop by millions. Faced with unemployment and depression Hitler and Roosevelt developed strategies to deal with the economic crisis that faced them. Hitler and Roosevelt also faced opposition but, because of the differing governing styles, Hitler being totalitarian and Roosevelt being democratic, their strategies to overcome them were very different. American President Roosevelt and German leader Hitler faced political and economic problems during the 1930s and dealt with them in similar and dissimilar ways. 2 ...read more.

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