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An assessment of the First Moroccan Crisis 1905-06, Bosnian Crisis 1908-09, Second Moroccan Crisis 1911, and the Balkan Wars 1912-13.

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Introduction

1. First Moroccan Crisis 1905-06 2. Bosnian Crisis 1908-09 3. Second Moroccan Crisis 1911 4. Balkan Wars 1912-13 The Moroccan crisis (1905) Development of political and military alliances caused tension and hostility among nations leading up to World War I. Two major alliance systems developed, the "Triple Alliance" of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy and the "Triple Entente" of Britain, France and Russia. Also several smaller countries became indirectly involved in the alliances, which effectively divided Europe into two "Armed Camps". For example, Russia pledged to support Serbia in order to prevent further Austrian-Hungarian expansion into the Balkans. Germany stated its support for Austria-Hungary and Britain had given its support for Belgium in 1839. The Moroccan crisis involving France, Germany and Britain in 1905 caused tensions and fears regarding Germanys aggressive 'Weltpolitik' policy. On the surface, Germany said they wanted 'fair shares for all' but their hidden objective was to try and weaken the Entente between England and France by showing how Britain was a bad ally because they wouldn't support the French in time of crisis. ...read more.

Middle

In return for Austria's acceptance of Russian desire to control the straits, Izvolsky agreed to the annexation of Bosnia. However this was betrayal of Russia's friendship with Serbia. Serbia demanded compensation and Austria then declared war on Serbia. The German government said they would support Austria-Hungary in force. Serbia, threatened by Austria and acknowledging Germans support also, backed down and agreed to 'live at peace' with Austria Hungary. The Bosnian crisis exacerbated Balkan problems and created much alarm in Europe. Russia felt humiliated (betrayal of Serbia and Izvolskys crazy plan), and Serbia was embittered (for having to accept Austria's annexation). (A naval Race (1905-1913) This intense competition created significant tensions between the nations, and poisoned relationship possibilities between Britain and Germany. The intensity to expand was further fueled following each major crisis, which developed during the period 1905-1913 (Bosnian Crisis, Moroccan crisis, Agadir crisis). Britain hardened its position towards Germany and increased its Navy as Germany increased theirs. Germany ignited the arms race possibly because of fear of "encirclement" but Britain saw it as a threat. ...read more.

Conclusion

So Germany tried to scare the French by sending a gunboat to Agadir. The British feared that Germany would make Agadir a German naval base, so Britain protested against Germany and backed up France to fight against Germany. Because of British support of France, Germany gave in. What began as a Franco-German colonial squabble became a major Anglo-German confrontation. Britain recognized that Germany was a significant threat - so puts its fleets and military assistance on alert. The Agadir crisis also had harmful consequences for the peace of Europe. The British, French and Russian governments were alarmed by the aggressive attitude of Germany's new policy Weltpolitik. Something small had become very serious - a possible trigger for war. Germany was acting as a serious threat to Britain's security, and Britain and France were very nervous because Germanys actions were unpredictable. This is because Weltpolitik is opportunistic - wait for the moment and jump in without considering consequences. Germanys actions were unpredictable and unstable with no clear strategy. Corinne Williams ...read more.

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