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An Investigation Into The Neutralisation Of Acids

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Eimear Macgarty History Coursework: The USA, 1917 - 1941 Assignment 2: Objective 3 WAS THE NEW DEAL A SUCCESS? 1. In the 1932 election, Franklin D Roosevelt defeated Herbert Hoover by a landslide. There were many reasons why people voted for Roosevelt but most of them stemmed from the disaster of 1929- The Wall Street Crash. On October 24th 1929, the American economy crashed. Years of prosperity for American industry, economy and employment had come to a dramatic halt. The high tariffs enforced years earlier as a means of protecting the American economy now left America stranded and isolated with no trading prospects and a huge surplus of convenience goods mounting. Despite Hoover's prediction that it would only last a few months, by late 1932 the whole of America was in a dire state. The Bonus Army was disrupting America and throwing cities all across the country in to crises. Due to the huge sums of money lost in the Crash, many businesses and businessmen went bankrupt, unleashing a dangerous spiral of events- lack of money in business leads to mass unemployment which means less money is being spent which leads to lack of money in business etc. And unless something was done, the spiral was set to continue. However Hoover's belief that it would all go away could not have been more wrong and people all across America felt he did not care about their lives. Hoover's belief was that businesses and businessmen should sort themselves out, he believed in rugged individualism. Even when he realised this policy was wrong and began to cut taxes, the American people felt it was a case of too little, too late. They began to mock him- the unemployed erecting small shanty towns nicknamed 'Hoovervilles'. At the same time Roosevelt came along like a breath of fresh air. Roosevelt had overcome a difficult time himself after nearly dying from polio at a young age. ...read more.


Congress may again be seen differently- as a woman blinded by Roosevelt's professionalism so that she cannot see the wrong's in his work. 5. I believe Source I is a less accurate Source of public opinion towards the New Deal. It is written by a fanatical couple as a praise to Roosevelt whereas Source I's popular song pleased the public, and thus is a better account of normal, non-fanatical American people. Source H is written from the heart of an American who was feeling so good, that they took the time to write to the president and thank him. It explains the problem of their furniture being taken, and also the solution that Roosevelt came up with which resulted in the furniture being returned. Source I describes no such event. It mentions no more breadlines, no more standing in the rain etc, but does not refer to a specific event that would tell historians some of the experiences of American people whom Roosevelt helped. Source I is obviously meant to go with a tune, and a problem that goes with this is that the words must rhyme. This means that priority is not put on the sentiments behind the song, but more on fitting the theme behind the rhyme. It praises Roosevelt 'We got Franklin D. Roosevelt back again.', so it does show historians that Roosevelt was popular, and yet the words are trivial. However this was a 'popular' song, so the sentiments behind it must have been felt by a lot of people. Source H's praise of Roosevelt is so strong, 'I have never heard of a President like you.', that you cannot help but trust its authenticity. The vocabulary is not stunning and yet the colloquial tone, 'My wife and I are old folks...', makes the whole letter endearing and a seemingly accurate account of public opinion. The only fault with the letter is that it was used by Roosevelt's supporters in his election campaign, so it must show more praise than average to be used for this purpose. ...read more.


His speech in Source 1 is an example of this, his promises of restoring America were simply too hard to achieve overnight. So whatever confidence some people had in him may have waned quickly. Others though would have stuck by him, and noticed the successes he had made. Opposition arose to the 'Alphabet' agencies, as to some it seemed, like Source G suggests that he was trying rash remedies in a bid to overcome the problem. They felt that if one thing did not work, he would just try another and none made any difference. However, he had already warned of this and said that doing something and seeing it fail is better than doing nothing at all. And he was right because even if 100 failed and 1 worked, he would still have helped that little bit. Yet the issue comes back to money, because these agencies cost money and to see them fail was like watching money being washed down the drain. I believe that the biggest variation in public opinion comes from the Upper and Middle classes. The Upper class and the Working class had something in common, that the New Deal hindered them- the sharecroppers lost jobs, and the Upper classes lost money. However, the New Deal helped the vast Middle class. It gave them food, and the agencies set up, such as the Civilian Conservation Corps tended to help this area of society most, getting them back in to work and a wage. The Upper class resented the rest of society using their money and begrudged Roosevelt most of all for taking their money in the first place. It was the Upper classes that had the strongest resentment to Roosevelt, and the Middle classes who had the greatest respect and admiration for him. But as with every story, there are 2 sides to the argument and one side can never be completely right or wrong, so this issue will still be causing the same debates in 100 years time. A clear conclusion can never be made. ...read more.

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