• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse and evaluate the validity of these two interpretations of the opposition to the Nazis in Germany during this period.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Analyse and evaluate the validity of these two interpretations of the opposition to the Nazis in Germany during this period. The two extracts address the issue of youth opposition to the Nazis during the period 1933-1945. Source A an extract from an analysis "What was the extent of the opposition to Hitler's regime?" by S. J. Lee (1998) suggests that despite a centralised youth movement, the Nazis failed to maintain complete control and influence of all of Germany's youth. One consequence of this was the emergence of "alternative" and even opposition cultures and groups" among Germany's youth. Source B by Collier and Pedley writing in the text book "Germany 1919-1945" (2000) also identifies elements of dissatisfaction with the regime but implies that the affinity of young people with the Nazi dictatorship was "sustained". Adolescents were not the only opposition provided by the youth, the students, especially those in Berlin and the major cities, where metropolitan lifestyles encouraged such behaviour were rife. The most notable was the White Rose movement, but there was numerous dissent from the ranks of the students, in the form of pamphlet distribution on the lines of anti-Nazism. The alternative groups that challenged the Hitler Youth did so out of resentment for the lack of liberty they had under the regime, and the emergence of the "jazz" and American trends such as swing and chewing gum made these people further affiliated with something other than Germany. ...read more.

Middle

These facts help show the validity of source A, they actually proved to be opposition to the Nazis, and as is explained partook in a wide range of acts to belittle the regime. One of the main goals of the Edelweiss pirates was to challenge the Hitler Youth, they didn't merely dislike it, and they despised the members of it. Source B takes a different view; it is clear that M. Collier and P. Pedley think that the youth of Germany remained true to Nazism. It is has been established that these are academic historians, and that it is a recent production. The first line is fact, by 1939 there were indeed 7.5 million Hitler Youth Members, claiming approximately 90% of the population of youths. It says that by 1939, The source mentions dissatisfaction with the Nazis with "young people became disaffected by growing regimentation, petty restriction and ineffective and ageing youth leaders. Also, the fact remains that these other groups remained a minority, as a whole representing only around ten percent of the population of the youth. Membership remained high in the Hitler Youth, through fear, both by parents and the children themselves, through them still being inspired due to the camaraderie in it, and by the fact that Hitler Youth members were far more employable in Germany by this time, especially in the civil service. So this shows that there was an "affinity of young people with the dictatorship" and it was upheld. ...read more.

Conclusion

To conclude, I would like to point out that Hitler placed the utmost importance on controlling and converting the youth to the Nazi cause even going so far in one speech to say people hostile to the regime were unimportant as "your child belongs to us already", he saw them as the future of Nazism. The presence of these "counter-cultural" groups, (for example, the Edelweisspiraten), therefore, were seen as a failure to Hitler, and as they were deemed so important their opposition was dealt with brutally. This fact means that the youths were bold and brave in taking place in even the most trivial resistance. The fact that these youths counted for a substantial minority of the population, especially in large German cities such as Dusseldorf and Munich shows that there was more than an element of opposition, and this got worse as the war went on and the youths started to assist the allied war effort. The idea that the Nazis were achieving a Volksgemeinschaft falls down here as well, as these groups showed a desire to have a separate and individual cultural identity. This shows that there were non-conformists, and as source B says, even though there were 7.5 million Hitler Youth members in 1939, youth enthusiasm for the regime did fall, even before the collapse of the regime. So the sources are proven to be reliable to a certain extent and are to be trusted in an evaluation of the opposition that the Nazis faced; though more sources are needed to give a substantiated judgement on the opposition which will enable us to gain a fuller picture of the topic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How Far Did The Nazis Control Everyday Life In Germany After 1933

    He used monoxide gas and I did not think his methods were efficient. So at Auswitsch I used Cyclon B, which is crystallised Prussic acid dropped into the death chamber. It took from 3 to 15 minutes to kill people in the death chamber.

  2. Between 1933 and 1945 Hitler and the Nazi Part were successful in their creation ...

    We also don't know when these figures were published, or as mentioned before whether or not they were manipulated to serve ones needs. The other fact is that the figures only go up to 1939, the year of the outbreak of the war, when women were forced into labor, and

  1. Nazi Strengths and Opposition Weaknesses

    Hitler strongly believed in what he spoke of proof of this is when he was in prison when in his book 'Mein Kampf' (my struggle)

  2. Life under the Nazis - who was better and worse off.

    Foreign art and music was also banned due to the fact it wasn't German. The Burning of Books' in May 1933 made sure that the young German minds weren't influenced by the work of foreigners or Jews or Marxists, and that they didn't have a chance to learn about things that may have got their minds working against Hitler.

  1. To What Extent Was There Opposition To Hitler 1933-45?

    In the early stages of the regime in 1934 there was opposition by the S.A to Hitler although this was appeased.

  2. "The most important reason why there was little opposition in Germany towards the Nazi ...

    The Hashude aimed to reform criminals and brainwashed them with propaganda which cohersed them gently back into the regime. Rebels were not tolerated and were sent straight to concentration camps. In other words if you did not change your state of mind, you were out.

  1. To what extent was the severity of Nazi repression an indication of the strength ...

    Opposition was more commonly found from the priests and the local Parish members, rather than from the church hierarchy. During 1936 they successfully fought against the Nazis to keep crucifixes in the church and in March 1937 the Pope gave his speech entitled "With Burning Anxiety" (source 4).

  2. How widespread and dangerous was Youth opposition in the Third Reich?

    Furthermore, many adults saw in Nazi aggression a discipline, for which the party had been elected and which should erase the traces of decadent Weimar Germany, as Albert Speer points out: "It must have been during these months that my mother saw a S.A.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work