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Analyse and explain the events that led to the Holocaust.

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Analyse and explain the events that led to the Holocaust. After loosing the War in 1918, Germany was a desperate country. After being forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles, the country was in economical ruin. As a stipulation of the Treaty, Germany had to admit that they started the War, therefore they had to pay for damages occurred to other countries, reparations. '...Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her Allies for causing all the loss and damage...'- Treaty of Versailles The price that Germany had to pay was high; 20,000,000,000 marks. In order for them to pay this price, more money had to be printed. This caused inflation, and eventually hyperinflation. This is where the value of the currency- the mark- goes down at an incredible rate. For example in 1918 the cost of a loaf of bread was 0.63 marks, by November 1923 the peak of hyperinflation, people were paying 201,000,000,000 marks for a loaf of bread. Obviously many people couldn't afford this. People went shopping with wheelbarrows full of money because one mark was virtually worth nothing. Those with pensions, or money in the bank, lost everything. There were few businesses as people couldn't afford to keep them running, therefore there were few jobs. The prices rose faster than people were earning their money. There seemed to be no hope for Germany. Until in 1924 Gustav Stresemann came to power. ...read more.


It was because of the armistice that Germany had to sign the Treaty of Versailles. Many people lost faith in Ebert and the Social Democrats as the years went on, and life in Germany became hard. In 1919 the Weimar Republic was formed after Spartacist and Communist revolutions. This was to prove to be the downfall of Germany. It was the first democracy Germany had ever had, and people weren't sure what to think. Not many people trusted the Republic as Ebert was still in power, and people resented the fact that he had surrendered, and put their lives in a state of misery. After the hyperinflation crisis it was clear that the Weimar Republic was a complete failure. The people of Germany were let down once again. Also Germany still had the Treaty of Versailles to deal with. The Treaty contained harsh rules concerning land, armaments, reparations and political procedure. As you can see Germany didn't have very good luck. Finally, a man came to power who actually helped Germany. As I have mentioned before Gustav Stresemann led Germany in her 'Golden Years'. But after he died, and the Wall Street Crash ruined what Stresemann had built, Germany was yet again in a state of chaos. After all the German people had been through, now, there seemed to be no hope of getting better. Politically, there were many parties for the German people to support. ...read more.


Except if you were a Jew. As I have said, Hitler used anti-Semitism as a campaign strategy. He knew that people would want to blame their problems and failures onto others. Who better than the Jews? Anti-Semitism has existed ever since the Jewish people existed. Hitler himself had stumbled across this in the earlier years of his life. He enjoyed reading, and had come across a book by an anti-Semitic author, and had liked what he read so much, he started to be anti-Semitic. Other factors that turned him against Jews, were; the man that turned him away from the art school he wanted to go to, was Jewish and also the man that signed the Treaty of Versailles was a Jew. So he killed two birds with one stone. He devised a way of getting votes, but also of getting rid of the Jews. Many of the important jobs at the time were taken by Jewish people. For example lawyers, doctors, teachers, most of the professional jobs. This meant that they had a lot of power, and many were well educated. They earned a lot of money, and this was a good point for Hitler to play on. The fact that the Jews were doing all right when the majority of non Jews were doing awfully. There were many reasons for the success of Hitler and the NAZI party. Obviously if they hadn't of been successful, Hitler would have never come to power, and the Holocaust would have probably never happened. But it seemed that everything was happening just at the right time for Hitler. ...read more.

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