• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the extent to which Villages across Britain have changed during the 19th and 20th centuries

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Analyse the extent to which Villages across Britain have changed during the 19th and 20th centuries Ripley is a village in the parish of Send and Ripley in Surrey. Close to the River Wey and the current London to Portsmouth road it has a population of 1,697 (1991 census). Within this essay I hope to demonstrate the variety of sources that are available to gather information about the landscape of the village and how it has changed during the 19th and 20th centuries. I will also analyse how the sources provide information and whether it is better to use them together or independently. The main sources I have use are local maps - tithe and Ordnance Survey - Kelly's Directories, a book of photos published by the Send and Ripley Local History Society, some Francis Frith postcards, the Victoria County History for Surrey and the Census enumerator schedules for the village over a number of years. The Victoria County History is an excellent place to begin research into any village or town within the UK. The VCH was begun in 1899 to collect and document the history of all the counties within the UK divided up by their hundreds. Although even now not all counties are completed. The Surrey edition has a number of entries for Ripley which details the village from Victorian times back to its origins. ...read more.

Middle

The 1800 Census Act was created to ensure that a head count of the population was taken every 10 years starting from 1801. The information gathered was very basic in the beginning but from 1841 it became more detailed and was collected and collated by Enumerators in schedules. The accuracy of census data is often in dispute as the population was suspicious of the potential use of the data and may have bent the truth. Census enumerator forms can provide you with a lot of information that can be manipulated to demonstrate population development within the village. As well as names of families, their location within the village, details on the members of their family, their relation to the head and their professions, the forms also contain information about the birthplace which can enable migration analysis. A close study of enumerator forms covering a number of census years will tell you how far people travelled from their birthplaces to their current residences, most probably in the search for work. Maps are a very valuable resource for investigating the landscape of any area. Formal mapping really only began in the late 18th Century with the Ordnance Survey embarking on a project to map the whole country. Maps can visually demonstrate a wide range of data covering areas such as geology, politics, population, wealth and leisure. ...read more.

Conclusion

Historical facts can get lost as the attached memories to the photographs are recounted and distorted so it is worth checking the information given in these publications. The Francis Frith collection was created by the photographers of F. Frith & Co Ltd between 1860 and 1970 and printed them as postcards for the populace to send to one another. I found 14 of Ripley showing the High Street, The Anchor Hotel and Rose Lane amongst others. Using the photographs and the postcards and taking a walk around modern day Ripley it is surprising to see how many of buildings haven't changed and still retain their original facing. As you can see, independently the sources I have looked at provide the reader with a huge amount of information about the area being studied. Standing alone they can offer statistical (qualitative and quantitative) and visual data that can give you an idea of the village history. The student of local history can interpret the information and manipulate the data from each source to describe the growth, and maybe the decline, of the village they are studying. You can plot statistical data on maps to bring static numbers to life. Lines on a map can be enhanced through the use of photographs. But each source only provides part of the picture. I believe that no single source can provide the definitive historical evidence and it is only when you combine sources, for example maps and directories, that the village begins to come to life. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Executive Summary Fairmont hotels.

    The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven states situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman and Saudi Arabia. The seven states, termed emirates, are Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Quwain.The United Arab Emirates

  2. What caused the population explosion in Britain in the 19th century?

    There was further development in the towns and cities after 1860. They became cleaner with better quality houses, streets and parks. Many of the towns were also built with sewers in, this meant that, the more amounts of sewers that were used to help to have a larger quantity of cleaner water and this would result in healthier people.

  1. Jack The Ripper - Law and Order in the late 19th century

    This led the police to believe they could have been from Jack The Ripper himself, although on further examination this is less likely. Policemen started to find more witnesses describing the suspect as foreign with dark features. The features of mutilation also became more prevalent with the last murders and perhaps gave the police more leads.

  2. GUNPOWDER PLOT

    Source six is a list of facts about what happened and information about gunpowder at the time. Source six agrees with the 'Guy Fawkes' was framed' Theory this is shown because most of the facts imply that the government were involved in some way for example all gunpowder was kept

  1. It was the lack of buffalo that killed off the Plains Indian culture in ...

    Some of the Plains Indians tribes got scared and in the early 1860's six chiefs of Cheyenne sold away their territory in fear of being killed or left with nothing. Other chiefs pleaded with the settlers and President Lincoln and eventually got a peace document, however in 1864 the Indians

  2. Why did medical care need to be improved during the early 19th century

    This source highlights the points of how bad Hospital Hygiene actually was and how it needed to be dramatically improved. The book was published in 1927, at this point many problems in Hospitals had actually been tackled and a lot more people were actually surviving surgery and illness.

  1. Changes in Victorian Britain. How had Victorian Britain changed by the Queens death in ...

    Charles Darwin?s findings on where humans came from were a shock to the society as he thought that we were evolved from apes and had evidence to support his findings. This went against the idea that we came from evolution which is where we were created by God.

  2. THE BIGGEST BREAKTHROUGH IN PUBLIC HEALTH IN BRITAIN TOOK PLACE IN THE 19TH NOT ...

    William Farr, another civil servant, also helped to persuade the government with his work outlining where and at what age death rates was highest, as well as what they died of. His work highlighted facts and figures which the government could not ignore nor dispute.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work