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"Analyse the factors that enabled Hitler and the Nazis to assume power in Germany in 1933 and discuss which factor you conside

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Introduction

"Analyse the factors that enabled Hitler and the Nazis to assume power in Germany in 1933 and discuss which factor you consider was the most significant" Adolf Hitler (leader of the Nazi party) gained support throughout the 1920's and was eventually appointed Chancellor of Germany by Hindenburg on January 30th 1933, and became dictator on March 23rd 1933 after Hindenburg's death. The Nazis also had gained 288 seats in the Reichstag and three members in the Cabinet. Hitler and the Nazis were able to do this because of many important factors including, The Treaty of Versailles, Ineffective Weimar Constitution, Munich Putsch (Beer Hall Putsch), and The Great Depression which all contributed to Hitler and the Nazis gaining power in 1933. The Treaty of Versailles was signed on the 28th of June 1919 at the Palace of Versailles. This had huge ramifications on the Weimar Government and the way it was viewed by the German public. The treaty stated under clause 231 that Germany was to be blamed for the war. This caused the German public to feel 'pain and anger'. Frederick Schneidemann, the German Chancellor (June 1919) resigned rather than sign the treaty, saying: "May the hand wither that signs this treaty." ...read more.

Middle

of the Bavarian government, Gustav von Kahr, General Otto von Lossow and Colonel Hans Ritter von Seisser were honoured guests at a meeting of businessmen. Hitler took the three leaders in a back room and forced them at gunpoint to accept him as their leader and join him in the Nazi revolution and become part of a new government (they did not accept his terms). Hitler proclaimed to the people present in the beer hall that the three leaders had decided to join Hitler. Also, Several army barracks failed to be taken by the SA and Hitler left the beer hall to personally resolve the problems: he failed at resolving the problems anyway. Kahr, Lossow and Seisser all left (when Hitler was absent form the beer hall) promising Ludendorff that they would remain loyal to Hitler, however, they all disowned Hitler and ordered the immediate overthrow of Hitler's putsch by army and police reinforcements to 'break up' the SA. Hitler, advised by Ludendorff, marched into the middle of Munich on the 9th November with about 1000 Nazis and attempted to take it by force and hope the Army and Police joined them. They were met by a large police force and subdued and disbanded. ...read more.

Conclusion

The number of seats the Nazis held in the Reichstag rose from 12 in 1928 to 233 in July 1932. The Great Depression was probably the most important factor that enabled Hitler and the Nazis to assume power in 1933. Support for the Nazi party before the Great Depression was quite dismal with only one hundred thousand members and only 12 seats in the Reichstag in 1928. However, after the Great Depression Hitler and the Nazi Party had an influx of membership and gained 233 seats in the Reichstag in 1932. This proves that the Nazis gained huge support over the Great Depression with rise in membership and positive election results. Hitler and the Nazis were able the gain power in 1933 with many contributing factors helping their cause. The Treaty of Versailles giving the Nazis a launching point, the Ineffective Constitution of the Weimar Republic which was continually attacked by Hitler, yet right wing collaborators within government areas (Army and Judges) helped Hitler, the Munich Putsch was a miscalculation, yet Hitler was put into the public eye and was gaining support for his actions, however the Great Depression being the most prominent factor that caused great turmoil in Germany and unrest with the Weimar government. The people were desperate for an answer to the problems and they were willing to listen to anyone, even Adolf Hitler. Ben Godwin 12 NHI ...read more.

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