• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Versailles Settlement.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Analyse the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Versailles Settlement. Chronological transportation doesn't allow us the ability to look at thoughts of an individual or group conciousness. We project ourselves into the Hall of Mirrors, catch a glimpse into the static eyes of the delegates there. In areas of Germany historical evidence shows that democracy was embraced: J W Hiden relays the parliament was full of 'responsible and meticulous discussion'. It is fair to believe these new Western notions had reached German eyes and ears long before Woodrow Wilson arrived on the scene. Ruth Henig backs up the viewpoint and provides a more optimistic element of closure to the relationship between Germany and co-advocates of self-determination through the character of Lloyd George and what is known of his beliefs. (That Germany would help rebuild, contain itself and act constructively in the post-war years). However, Hiden does go on to mention the suspect manoeuvring of Weimar President Friedrich Ebert when the enlisting of the Friekorps through his Ministry of Defence quelled a Spartacist mutiny. The final morturary numbers, were in four figures from that incident, including Luxemburg and Liebknecht who at the time maintained strong moral and political connections. (At the time of their deaths they had ties with the Social Democrats. ...read more.

Middle

This historian certainly suspects that essentially years of positive German history were being rewritten by the entente powers. Although Germany may have been able to meet these debts adequately and remain strong6, resumption of foreign trading was prevented by a five-year ban on protective tariffs. Germany's exclusion from the League made the ideology of nationalism easier to believe in for those in the Weimar Republic. As it turnedd out the US came out of the war and treaties the economic victor, a position maintained by the supply of war loans, which kept them healthy until the crash of '29. Versailles also saw the end of Prussian militarism and in some quarters this is viewed as quite a good thing. "The pernicious effects of the Weimar Treaty lie thus in the way it was created added dimensions to existing internal conflicts and contradictions which had, to some extent, survived the revolution." J W Hiden Of war reparations and the re-structuring of Germany, although harsh, Fritz Fischer suggested the modifications were perhaps not harsh enough. Fischer maintains Germany had been a major power and the Allies were aware that it would be again.7 The Treaty of Versaillles replaced Germany with much of the same form of 1870, and Jeremy Fazli points out that the French may have wished to punish them for the Franco-Prussian War. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was a compromise peace all had misgivings about. Fischer maintains Germany should take most of the blame for issuing a blank cheque to Austria. This direction was formed from research into The Schlieffen plan and analysis of previously low visibility diaries10 that made mention of a war council. (This theory was later dismissed by HW Koch11 claiming nothing came of it.) Fischer laid down words in favour of the Allies actions at Versailles in concluding German leaders deliberately provoked war. While examining archival sources and historians' records over the years, I had detected some unusual phenomenona. Although the widely related date for the end of The First World War was 1918 and is indeed, mostly always referred to same in headings, an examination of body text in a number of sources has seemed to indicate that the war ended in 1919. Ruth Henig in context of the World War writes of, "over four years of intensive fighting not all of which had stopped by 1919" "We taught them a lesson in 1919 and they've hardly bothered us since" remarked Tom Lehrer. The Manchester Guardian of May 29 of that year states, "the war formally ended June 30, 1919". A case of mere formality and informality? Or a case of subjectivity and objectivity? And if it is objectivity, well these proofs and anomaly are a serious warning about what we can learn from history. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Summary of John Maynard Keynes' "The Economic Consequences of the Peace".

    Keynes afterwards offers a strategy for Reparation; if the amount is more than needed by the Allies, it should be condensed to 10 billion dollars, then he suggests the armistice of Germany reckoned as 2.5 billion dollars without evaluation as item by item, dissolve the Reparation Commission and must be

  2. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    In Spite of these great losses, the British refused to give out. The bombing of British civilian only increased British support around the World. Especially from the United States, who from this point increased their economic and military aid to the British.

  1. To what extent was the unification of Prussia due to weaknesses of Austria?

    newly defined Kleindeutschland but was in fact dominated by Prussian military expertise with all the other German states fighting under her. Therefore, as Bismarck himself understood, nationalism was the key to unification and it was within that certain setting that made unification possible.

  2. Discuss the strengths and the weaknesses of the League of Nations and explain whether ...

    across the globe, Britain and France both have territories in the far east, this helps put the League across as a worldwide force, not just one restricted to Europe and parts of Asia.

  1. The League of Nations was formed after the First World War, during 1919 at ...

    Although these were options, none of the members of the League of Nations wanted to use sanctions against Japan. First, because the Depression had damaged the worlds economy no nation wanted to worsen the damage. Second, the powerful members of the League, Britain and France, did not think that they could enforce the sanctions.

  2. Treaty of Versailles

    The allies exploited their victory by inflicting territorial losses, military restrictions and the confiscation of economic and industrial resources. The treaty imposed harsh terms on an ultimately helpless German nation. The treaty would reduce Germany to servitude for a generation.

  1. "It was war and nothing more and nothing less that united Germany"

    of lasting security was by joining Prussia - and thus gave up their independence and joined the northern states, completing the process of unification. Although the wars had a great influence of the turn of events, their occurrence is not enough to explain how German unification took place.

  2. "The Versailles Peace Settlement failed to secure British Foreign Policy interests"

    Staying out of any major conflict was also a good idea for Britain, especially with the USA because Britain did not have the finances to support a conflict. The best way to stop the renewal of war was to keep a balance of power; this is a realist theory in international relations.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work