• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Anti-Semitism in Germany before and after 1933

Extracts from this document...


Anti-Semitism in Germany 1. For what problems were the Jews treated as scapegoats by the Nazi Party in 1929 - 33? The Nazi Party treated the Jews as scapegoats for anything unfortunate that had happened involving Germany in the years after the outbreak of the First World War. Hitler accused the Jews of undermining the war effort, and attempting to ruin the war effort - really saying they did not show enough patriotism to be true believers in Germany. Among the Politicians who signed the 'Treaty of Versailles' there were some Jews, the most prominent of which was Walter Rathenau. Hitler therefore used these Jewish Politicians as a target to pass the blame for all of Germany's problems and hindrances that had been due to this treaty. In reality the aforementioned politicians had to sign the treaty, because if they had not Germany would have been invaded. Due to the propaganda of the time, most German citizens thought that they were winning the war when the treaty was signed, and so were very willing to join in and blame someone for the devastation that the treaty caused them. Hitler claimed that the new Weimar Republic was a Jewish conspiracy. ...read more.


This meant that they were never viewed as citizens of a country but just as Jews. In 1929 the Nazis only had 2 and a half percent of the vote given, therefore their leaders would not have been very influential at that time. Hitler lived in Vienna for a time where there were many Jews following the Russian Pogroms. He became bankrupt and in debt to Jewish moneylenders so he learned to hate the Jews, and his prejudice grew more than those around him due to his experiences. He developed very extremist views. He thought that the Jews were an inferior race who had polluted the German blood. He believed that something would have to be done to sort out the Jewish situation in Germany, and therefore tried to spread his beliefs. Hitler therefore wrote a book called 'Mein Kampf', which announced his hatred towards Jews and his thoughts about them. This had very little circulation before the Wall Street crash, but after the Wall Street crash, when people were willing to listen to extremist views, the circulation rose. The general history of anti-semitism across Europe and Germany helped produce Hitler's views as expressed in 'Mein Kampf'. ...read more.


However when Hitler invaded Poland he gained a huge population of this inferior race, which he had to deal with. Hitler had a problem on his hand. What should he do with all the Jews under his control? He decided to put them all into concentration camps and the Holocaust; one of the most terrible crimes of all time was started. Also, when the campaign in Russia failed things started to get worse for Hitler and he had to have even more Jews killed. Without the long-standing prejudice against the Jews Hitler could never have used them as scapegoats for the German problems. He would never have developed his twisted hatred of the Jews as expressed in his book either. Hitler was then able to make things worse for the Jews, de-sensitising the public to the atrocities against the Jews. When everything did not go quite according to Hitler's plans he had to get rid of the Jews and concentration camps were his solution. I therefore feel that the main factor in explaining the holocaust was Hitler's attitude towards the Jews. However, I also believe that all of these reasons were required to provide the necessary conditions for the Holocaust to occur. ?? ?? ?? ?? History Coursework 1 Joshua Kidd ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why Did Anti-Semitism Develop In Europe In 1900-1941?

    Martin Luther claimed, 'Synagogues should be set on fire. Secondly, their homes should be broken down. Thirdly, their Rabbis must be forbidden under threat of death to teach any more.' So their Synagogues were set on fire their homes were broken down and their lively hood taken away.

  2. How Far Did The Nazis Control Everyday Life In Germany After 1933

    citizen spend 1/3 of them sleeping and a 1/4 working that left nearly 3,740 hours free. Dr Ley wanted to make sure that these hours were not wasted, people doing nothing get bored and frustrated, and people in this state make bored and frustrated workers.

  1. Describe how Jews were discriminated against in Germany from 1933 to 1939

    From the start of the Nazi regime, most potential sources of opposition were removed. This included political parties and the trade union movement. In Feburary 1933, the German parliament building, the Reichstag, was burnt down by a young communist, Marinus van der Lubbe; taking this opportunity, the Nazis immediately declared that this was a communist plot to overthrow democracy.

  2. Describe how the Jews were discriminated against in Germany from 1933 to 1939.

    All of the Ghettos were eventually dissolved, and the Jews murdered, most of them being taken to the death camps. The Ghettos began to be dissolved around the time when the 'Final Solution' of concentration camps was planned. The Nazis did however use another method to exterminate the Jews before

  1. To what extent was anti-Semitism the motive force behind the Dreyfus Affair?

    The Panama Scandal began when the French wanted to build a canal through the Isthmus of Panama. The company who were hired by the Chamber, however, underestimated the amount of money that was needed to build the canal, and were declared bankrupt in 1889, yet despite 830 000 investors having

  2. Why and how did antisemitism play such an important part in Nazi ideology?

    a sub human species of vermin whose 'eradication root and branch' was a matter of life and death for Germany and mankind as a whole. (Warum sind wir Antisemiten? Rede auf einer NSDAP Versammlung', in Eberhard J�ckel? Axel Kuhn (eds.)

  1. Anti -Semitism

    Also the source also states that the author wrote this when he was in exile this could have quite a large affect on the usefulness of the source depending on how long the author had been in exile before he wrote the source in December 1935.

  2. Weimar, 1929 - 1933

    * The government and states were already playing important parts in the German economy before 1929. * There was widespread resistance to government interference in the economy. * The orthodox policies of budget surplus and deflation were adopted by GB and other western countries.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work