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Anti -Semitism

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Introduction

Coursework 2 Anti -Semitism Question 1 Source A is a difficult one to analyse since it deals with many issues of varying complexity and importance. However this does not mean that I will not attempt to do so. Firstly it is worth commenting on the provenance of the source putting it into context for example it was produced at the time making it a primary source with all the respective advantages and disadvantages that this may have I will com to this later. Also the fact that was in a children's school text book shows two things which would be an advantage to any historian. 1. That the Nazi indoctrination started at a young age this is supported by the existence of the Hitler youth movement which I have covered in my own studies. 2. That Nazi ideals where woven into the educational system this is supported by my own knowledge that in 1935 all teachers where forced to make an oath of allegiance to Hitler and Nazi teachers League From the above alone, we can safely say that the purpose of the source was to indoctrinate young children with Nazi ideals about race studies. When I looked at the source itself I saw what is, in my opinion, some very racist and biased viewpoints portrayed through this cartoon and the caption accompanying it. Also I believe that source A is attempting to make the Jew scapegoats for disorder in schools. This is shown by the caption that reads "Jewish ... expelled so that order and discipline can now be taught" also when looking bat source A you will notice that all the Jewish children are portrayed as being ugly troublesome and having big noses. This is shown by the ugly faces and shabby clothes of the Jewish children in the picture. This was a common theme at the time since this was a picture the Nazis where trying to paint of the Jews later on they even Nazi scientist even supplied "scientific proof" that the Jews where an inferior race to the Aryans to the extent that they where regarded of sub-human. ...read more.

Middle

As a result it begs the question - when did he start to feel guilty for his supposed actions at the time in November 1938 (in which cases there may have been more like him) or later on after the war had finished? In my opinion the latter would be the more fitting answer to the question since by the time the source was written in 1989 he had had over 50 years to think about what he had done. Having said this it all depends whether or not he did or didn't take part in the atrocities of Kristallnacht which of course is impossible to say. Also he is recalling 50 year old memories which he appears to have exaggerated due to the amount of emotional language used. It is for these to reasons that I will conclude that Source D disagrees with source B. also due to the additional fact that these are the words of one man they are insufficient to provide a detailed picture of what everyone thought and felt at the time. And as such render the sources contents nearly useless and one of the least important sources given to me. Source E: At first glance the 2 lines of source E don't appear to be much but they do contain what is in my opinion some of the most important evidence so far. The text itself has nothing to support source B and instead refutes it by telling that "many ordinary people took part in the killing of the Jews..." To gain the full wealth of this source and to understands its true value I had to put it into context. I.e. the source says that a maximum of 500,000 people took part in the killing of the Jews in 1941 to 1945 according to my own knowledge and historical fact during these years Germany had an average population varying between 79,000,000 and 81,500,000 meaning that at the very most only 0.63% of the German population was actively involved in killing the Jews. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also all the sources I perceived to be against source B and suggest that there was widespread feeling of anti-Semitism in Germany in the years around 1938 (D and E) where regarded by my self to be very subjective and or biased to such an extent that rendered them useless and as such there arguments went regarded as unimportant. However though the statements of sources D and E where unimportant the fact that they exist suggest to me one thing, That though there is no evidence to support the wide spread hatred of the Jews the person who wrote these must have either hated or fully supported the Nazi regime of the time. This makes them the minority, also since in the end their statements can only account for themselves and no one else. This again supports my standard deviation curve and my theory that only the minority of people (represented by sources D and E) where either solid lovers (source D) or loathers (source E) of the Nazi anti Semitic policies. And that the vast majority of people (represented by sources B,C and F) where secretly sitting on the fence undecided on the values of a Nazi Germany. Question 3: Over the course of the last 57 years, since World War II ended the human rights of the Jews have changed dramatically, in more ways than one, and for more than one reason. In the following investigation I will try to analyse the multiple changes in the human rights positions of the Jews. I will also explain their causation, short and long term effects, the degree of change they caused (their importance) and how the causes may be linked. By doing this I hope to make a number of reasoned judgments. However do not expect this will be easy to achieve since the past is a very complex thing with many unseen factors at work. From my own studies I know that there are at least 5 changes in the human rights positions of the Jews since World War II and these are: ...read more.

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