• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess Impact of NAZI policies on the position and role of women in Germany from 1933-39

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

-16/18 very good- not enough emphasis on the POSITION & ROLE, as is the impact on them - should be addressed in conclusion. Assess Impact of NAZI policies on the position and role of women in Germany from 1933-39 Sources seem to reflect a paradoxical situation in Nazi Germany with regard to women. Himmler seems to endorse bigamy "so that both would try to be their husband's dream woman," whilst Goebbels 1929, speaks of the mission of the woman in terms of a partnership with a man, comparing it to birds "The female...hatches eggs for him. In exchange the mate takes care of gathering food." Hitler talks about the foundation of the mans world being the smaller sphere of a woman. It is very difficult to reconcile Himmler's chauvinism with the glory Hitler seems to afford women. Then there are sources which conflict with our modern liberal western view of women, like the slogan "Kinder, Kuche, Kirche," Children, Kitchen Church, or the rhyme "take hold of your kettle, broom and pan..." To reconcile these apparent contradictions and how these views had an impact on women; Nazi ideals, and implementation of policies need to be explored, along with their success. ...read more.

Middle

Women in Germany were more likely to work than in USA and the UK. The number of women in regular employment actually increased between 1933 and 1939 from 12,300,000 to 14,600,000 women. These statistics show that the policies failed to an extent and thus the impact on woman, was minimal to the extent it did not force them out of the workforce altogether. The second Nazi aim for Aryan women was to encourage racially pure child bearing and marriage. Aside from the women's groups which encouraged all aspects of Nazi ideology, and the education that was geared towards preparation for roles as mothers and wives (there were marriage schools, and eugenics and homemaking made up an essential compulsory part of the school curriculum;) there were policies that directly affected women with regard to Marriage, Births and Welfare. Aimed respectively at increasing suitable marriages, increasing pure German births and developing healthy Germans. With regard to marriage, in 1933, 600 RM marriage loan was introduced for unemployed women. In 1937 the loan was extended to women in work. The 1935 marriage law required certificate of "fitness to marry," before a marriage license is issued. ...read more.

Conclusion

All the practical policies Aryan women benefited from were completely restricted to Aryan women within the Volksgemeinschaft. For non-Aryan women the picture was extremely different For Aryan women there were many benefits in Nazi Germany, there were large loans at no interest upon marriage; 12 weeks paid maternity leave; many social organisations; generous help for poorer mothers; freed health care for pregnant women; some equal rights in divorce after 1938 and tax benefits for women with children to name but a few. The benefits took the form of practical benefits that helped with make and break issues for Aryan women, which tremendously changed a womans quality of life, particularly if she is working class. The benefits in Nazi Germany for Aryan women make up the foundation for the welfare state as we know it. Because we in the 21st Century have the benefits of the welfare state we see the position of Nazi women as being quite bad, with many constraints, however relative to the standards of the day the practical benefits of Aryan women in Germany far exceeded their French, British and American contemporaries. There was a legalistic decrease in rights, which we with our practical benefits see as significant and so very negative. The truth is without practical or legal benefits, we would really appreciate the positive impact Nazi policies, practically had on women. Clive Freedman HISTORY - WOMEN ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Assess the impact of Nazi Policies on the position and role of women in ...

    This was very ironic, the Nazis set out their policies for women to be able to gain from them in having children, however by having less children and getting jobs, women still gained as employment levels rose. Not all women gained from the Nazi agenda, as I have said it

  2. The Role of women in Nazi Germany.

    The women were only allowed to be nurses, not doctors. At first, women were encouraged to stay at home, but later on, there was a Labour shortage, and the government needed women to fill the gaps, and despite their previous views that women should not work, they needed women to become employed.

  1. Using your own knowledge and all the sources, assess the effectiveness of Nazi propaganda.

    Propaganda transmitted by radio became the most effective tool of all as it allowed the Nazis to influence the highest number of people at any one time. A factor of the success of Radio was its personal nature. While the cinema and rallies were experienced with others, the radio had

  2. Daily Life in Nazi Germany:

    Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich and national flag and to display the Reich colors. (2) They are, on the other hand, allowed to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right enjoys the protection of the state."

  1. Do sources A-F support the view that the Nazis succeeded in creating a Volksgemeinschaft ...

    group, and even with the youth where they supposedly had the most success, this was only ephemeral. However, Maschmann says she believed it was something 'great and fundamental' and believing it would succeed. The most successful policies were simply an enhancement of existing prejudices.

  2. "Hitler's Foreign Policy and the Outbreak of the Second World War, 1933-39"

    The question still remains as to whether the book is important as far as Hitler's diplomacy is concerned but it is important in analysing Hitler's character. It shows Hitler's intention to use violence if necessary and must not be overlooked as continuities appear throughout the period.

  1. To what extent did the Nazis achieve an economic miracle in Germany between 1933-1939?

    Some indices show an early upward movement in the middle of 1932, but unemployment peaked slightly later and in the early months of 1933 there was a growing fear that the optimistic signs of the previous year, like those of 1931, had been a mirage.

  2. “Victims or Perpetrators?” - An analysis of the role of women in Nazi Germany

    a smaller world" compared to that of a man, "for her world ?was? her husband, her family, her children and her home."4 This essay is mainly constructed around the treatment of the role of women in Nazi Germany during the period of 1933 to 1939 and will hence analyse her

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work