• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess The Impact Of Stalin On Russia And The Russian People.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess The Impact Of Stalin On Russia And The Russian People? Now that Stalin was in power, he was determined to modernise the USSR so that it could meet the challenges which were to come. He took over a country in which almost all the industry was concentrated in just a few cities and whose workers were unskilled and poorly educated. Many regions of the USSR were in the same state as they had been a hundred years earlier. So, Stalin wanted to make a few changes and believed that: "Throughout history Russia has been beaten again and again because she was backward" and that the USSR was "50 to 100 years behind the advanced countries. Either we make good the difference in ten years or they crush us" so in order to do this Stalin ended Lenin's NEP because he believed is was such a slow process and needed a dramatic change for Russia to become a world power. So Stalin set about achieving modernisation through a series of Five-Year Plans which was for towns and industrial workers and also made a modernisation plan for peasants and countryside's throughout Russia. ...read more.

Middle

Stalin seized the land by sending out an army. Stalin used the Kulaks as a reason to take there land. He used it as an opportunity to stir up class hatred between the peasants. By the end the 1920s, the kulaks were basically wiped out. Eventually, around 14million people joined these farms. Many peasants were labelled kulaks and sent to labour camps. When collectivisation was complete, Stalin could treat the peasants as slave labour. It is accepted that Stalin deliberately caused this famine to crush the resistance of the peasants. Despite the famine, Stalin did not ease off. By 1934 there were no kulaks left. By 1941 almost all agricultural land was organised under the collective system. Stalin had achieved his aim of collectivisation .It's estimated that 5 million people died as a result. Although his aim was achieved as he introduced collectivisation, but the production remained below pre-1914 level until the 1950s. There was also an amazing number of human life's left dead. However, Stalin's huge changes in the industry and agriculture made Stalin millions of enemies. He dealt with these by using his secret police force to eliminate them. ...read more.

Conclusion

He didn't care about them as people but was able to use them as a leap to complete power. The effect of collectivisation was harsh on the peasants. When it came to industrial workers the 5 year plans improved there living conditions and gave them better wages, but there housing was poor. Overall he had a positive effect on them because they got free medical and free education. This was better than what they had before. Army officers, managers and party leaders did well. These were the social elite in the USSR. So overall he made the people living in cities life easier but he killed several peasants and made there life's unhappy .As a conclusion, Stalin had negative and positive effects on his people. His policy on peasants was very harsh and he didn't treat them as equals. On industrial workers, there life's got made a lot better. They were being paid steady wages with lots of free health care and education. Although there housing was poor they were earning better money for a easier job. As for the social elite, there life's got made easier. But they were sometimes the victims of the purges made by Stalin. ?? ?? ?? ?? Coursework Mr Groves By Stephen turner ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

This is a secure response, with a good level of subject knowledge and a balanced and evaluative account of Stalin's impact. There is a good level of detail but statistics and dates could have been used more frequently. A few grammatical errors. 4 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 09/04/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Stalin - USSR - Industrialisation - collectivisation - Reasons the policy was adopted

    Peasents were to put their lands together to form huge large joint farms but coul keep small plots for personal use. Animals and tools were to be pooloed together so that everyone could work together to use them. Motor Tractor Stations provded by the government made tractors available.

  2. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    He needed to industrialise to complete his cry for 'Socialism in One Country'. Also, as the Wall Street crash had led to the rise of the anti communist Hitler in Germany, Stalin very much needed to prepare Russia for what was to come.

  1. Nov 97 : How serious athreat to the French Revolution was presented by the ...

    Both factions turn against each other and the situation was worsen with the released of law of suspects where many thousands of Girodins was guillotined suspected of in some way supported the king. the Girodins was to take revenge by organizing a revolt from the provinces.

  2. What were the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917?

    The reason for such great loss was that the soldiers were not even armed or dressed properly for the war. The army had neither wagons nor horses nor first aid supplies. Some of the soldiers did not even have boots to wear in the freezing cold weather and a third of the soldiers were not equipped with rifles.

  1. Why did Stalin introduce collectivisation and what were the consequences of his policies?

    currency at the time and would thereby be stable with low inflation. This enabled Stalin to finance the import of technical machines, raw materials and the recruitment of agricultural experts. Hence, collectivisation also allowed Russia to create allies within Europe and could serve as an aide in case of a crisis or invasion.

  2. How convincing is the argument that WW1 was the main factor in the collapse ...

    Liberal optimist historians claim that without the obstruction of the war the Tsar may have made more reforms and efficiently improved agriculture as well as the peasant's quality of life. The Liberal optimists believe the revolution could have been prevented without the imposition of WW1, though it seems likely that

  1. The fall of Tsarism in Russia.

    The third grant established an unbreakable rule that no law could be enacted without the approval of the State Duma. This transformed the Tsar into a constitutional monarchy, the opposite of an autocrat. The October Manifesto continued, 'We call on the true sons of Russia'.

  2. How did the rule of Stalin affect the Soviet Union?

    The kulaks were the richer peasants. The kulaks owned their own land. They often employed the poorer peasants to work on their land for them. The kulaks didn't suffer as much as poorer peasants, if a bad harvest happened. Many peasants envied the kulaks.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work