• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the impact of the Welfare Reforms of the Labour Government 1945-57 on the lives of the British people.

Extracts from this document...


Assess the impact of the Welfare Reforms of the Labour Government 1945-57 on the lives of the British people. In December 1942, William Beveridge published his report on Social Insurance and Allied Services. It created a great deal of public interest at the time and was expected that the recommendations would be carried out, if not immediately, then directly after the war. The main principles behind his report was, "Want." Beveridge argued that the social security system should be comprehensive, universal, insurance-based, compulsory, integrated, flat-rate, able to provide subsistence and non means tested. However, Beveridge's report only dealt with "want". The other problems still had to be dealt with; Disease by the establishment of a new Health Service, Idleness by the state aiming for full employment, Ignorance by reform of the educational system and Squalor by a new house-building and slum-clearance programme. The Labour Welfare reforms went on to tackle all five giants to try and improve the lives of the British people. The Welfare reforms firstly tackled the problem of "want" through Social Security. The legislation of Social Security introduced the Industrial Injuries Act in July 1946. ...read more.


Doctors eventually agreed to Bevan's idea as all their patients would have left them. The National Health Service Act of November 1946 made health care universal, available for all. Comprehensive; the NHS would treat all medical problems, free at the point of use, no patient would be asked to pay for any treatment. The service was, and still is, paid for the National Insurance payments of workers. The creation of the NHS; treated a huge backlog of ailments, medical was provided from "the cradle to the grave", and according to RC Birch, the NHS was "the greatest single achievement in the story of the welfare state." However, the government inherited many out of date hospitals, costs were much higher than expected, general taxation had to be used to fund the NHS as the National Insurance contributions were not enough, the NHS operated beside private medicine and the idea of free treatment ended in 1950, as charges were introduced for dental treatment and spectacles. Furthermore, the legislation of education tackled the giant of ignorance. During the was around 20% of school buildings had been destroyed or damaged by war. ...read more.


Poor housing and homelessness were still serious problems in 1951. In 1951 census showed that there were 750,000 fewer households than there were houses. Finally, the welfare reforms dealt with the giant of idleness through the legislation of employment. Beveridge felt that unemployment could not be brought below 3% but by 1946 it was 2.5%. Hugh Dalton (Chancellor) claimed full employment was the "greatest revolution brought about by the Labour government". However it is not certain that it was the governments policies of the post war boom coupled with Marshall Aid from America. In conclusion, the Welfare Reforms of the Labour Government 1945 - 1957 had a quite an impact on the lives of the British people. Many of the legislations enforced by the government made the lives of the British public better as they gained compensation for an injury sustained at work, no longer needed to pay to see the doctor and unemployment was at an all time low. However some of the legislations did little to improve the lives of the British people as the education legislation discriminated against working class children and little was done for the housing legislation. ?? ?? ?? ?? Mair´┐Żad Sweeney ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Research Topic: Health Welfare of elderly in Shanghai

    In this research report, we plan to prove that our hypothesis is accurate by providing evidences from articles related to Shanghai's health welfare for the elderly. The purpose and objective of our report is to gain a better understanding of Shanghai's health welfare, so as to provide concrete evidence to check the accuracy of our hypothesis.

  2. In what ways were the lives of children on the home front affected by ...

    Also it doesn't show how children were affected overall because he only talks about how he has been affected, not other children. Alongside evacuation was rationing which continued throughout the war and affected every child's life in different ways. The positive effects of rationing were that there were ration booklets, equality between classes and also the black market.

  1. The Cool Doctor

    To offend a spirit can be done even unknowingly like if someone happens to enter the territory of the umurukoy (spirit dwellers) which is usually where there are trees or bamboo groves (Arens 1982). The offering or appeasing ceremony is the same in its main parts all over Leyte and Samar.

  2. Stoke Bruerne: Canal lives

    Comparing the usefulness of the two, Source B really does not tell us anything about the lives of the people apart from showing the extent of awkwardness of a narrow boat and its shape. It is useless in telling us anything lese about the lives of the people who lived on the canals.

  1. Roosevelt's New Deal

    These achievements were old-age pensions, banning child labour, and unemployment assistance, the restoration of self- confidence. Source F shows us a cartoon of Roosevelt actively trying to make America a better place by getting rid of the empty promises (hence the title "GETTING RID OF THE RUBBISH.")

  2. Singapore Tourism Competition for Schools 2003.

    that traces Singapore's history from as early as the 14th century A special landscaping attraction in the form of a Spice Garden offers a small replica of Raffles' original 19-ha experimental and botanical garden. Picnic here will enable family to enjoy the morning surrounded nature tropical trees reflecting Singapore's image of a Garden city, an obverse tourist attraction choice.

  1. The Emergence of Universal Medicare

    This strike helped the rest of Canada adopt what had happened in Saskatchewan by learning from its mistakes. However, even though the Liberal party at the time highly opposed of it, universal Medicare became even more popular. One way which universal Medicare became popular was with the aiding help of Prime Minister Lester B.

  2. History of Medicine Revision Notes.

    Joseph Lister: 1. He made a connection between carbolic acid [bk]used in the sewers to being used in the operating theatres. 2. He also read Louis Pasteur?s germ theory research. Development of Science: 1. An increase in chemistry meant Lister could spray carbolic acid (carbolic spray)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work