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Assess the impact that Stalin had on Russia and on the Russian people.

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Introduction

Assess the impact that Stalin had on Russia and on the Russian people. Stalin gained absolute power in USSR in 1928. And from that time Stalin ruled the country until his death in 1953. This period, quarter of the century, was one of the hardest for USSR and Russian people. To assess Stalin's impact on USSR and Russian people, I will describe some important episodes. In 1928 USSR was mostly agricultural country. Most of the people lived in the villages and worked on the land. Stalin wanted the USSR to be an industrial country and strong against attack from the West. Because of that he introduced the Five-year Plan. The idea of the Five-year Plan was planned economy with targets for each industry, which was broken down to factories and workers. If the worker worked well he got rewards. ...read more.

Middle

Stalin couldn't turn the USSR into a modern industrialized state without changing agriculture, because he needed more food to feed the people in the new cities, which were built. Secondly more food to sell abroad, which would give the money to buy foreign industrial machines. Thirdly Stalin wanted more control over the countryside. Lastly farming methods were poor and needed an improvement. Stalin knew it and introduced collectivization. Collective farms were called a kolkhoz. It was intended to be more efficient, because all the land would be farmed together in much larger units. The government would provide new machinery. All the tools and animals would be pooled. And the peasants would work the land together. From the beginning most of the Russian peasants opposed collectivization, because it destroyed their way of life and people didn't want it. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example spying for Nazis or trying to kill Stalin. They had to say that, because otherwise their families would be killed. Next, Stalin purged the armed forces by killing one fifth of senior officers, which seriously weakened the Russian Army. Further more he started to purge average people. As a result all nation lived in fear and the most talented scientist, officers and party leaders were shot or sent to labour camp, where you just couldn't survive. Approximately 10 million people were in prisons and labour camps. 1 million people were shot. In conclusion I want to say that Stalin made USSR strong. Because when Nazi Germany attacked USSR in 1941, the country survived and since 1943 begin to attack Germans. One of the reasons why USSR won the war was industrialization, which Stalin introduced as Five-year Plans. Things like purges and collectivization seriously weakened Russian Army, Communist party and USSR as a country. But the main impact of Stalin was the victory of the war. ...read more.

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