• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the role played by conservative elites in propelling Hitler to power in Jan 1933.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Assess the Role played by conservative elites in propelling Hitler to power the Chancellorship in Jan 33? Support your proposition by reference to 3 eminent historians: In the years up to 1933, conservative elites played key roles in propelling Hitler to power. This was made up of the Old and New right, who collaborated with Hitler and helped him gain the Chancellorship. The Old right consisted of groups such as the army officer core, shabby deal, Harzburg front, Industrialists and Junkers and Judiciary, civil service and education. The new right was made up by Hitler and the Nazi party who, with there plans for national unity, prosperity and full employment, gained large amounts of support and propelled Hitler into the Chancellorship on January 1933. The New right Hitler and the Nazi party played important roles in propelling Hitler into the chancellorship. The Nazi's offered national unity, prosperity, full employment and free of communism by ridding Germany of what they claimed were the real causes of the troubles, Marxists and the 'November criminals', those who agreed to the armistice and the Treaty of Versailles. With this the Nazi's gained large amounts of support, as the fortunes of the Nazi party were tightly linked to the current economic situation. ...read more.


He waited, they decided.?According to J.W. Hiden, It was perhaps inevitable that the Weimar republic collapsed, since the powerful conservative groups and the army were prepared to destroy it. Therefore Papen, Schleicher and Hindenburg must take the blame for inviting him to become Chancellor. The Shabby deal played an important role in propelling Hitler to power but was not the soul factor present at the time. Old right Harzburg front also played an important role in Propelling Hitler to the Chancellorship. It was an attempt headed by Alfred Hugenburg, a wealthy right wing nationalists, to join together all the influence and power in Germany and persuade the President, Paul von Hindenburg, to remove Chancellor Heinrich Bruning from office. Many people were not convinced with Bruning's policies as Chancellor and believed that his socialistic principles were bringing Germany down into economic disaster. On October 1931, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party was invited to attend the meeting at Harzburg. The Party during this time was the fastest growing political party in Weimar Germany and many of the wealthy who attended the meeting shared his strong nationalistic views. The meeting as Harzburg also attracted senior military figures, representatives of the Prussian Junkers and right wing nationalists and industrialists. ...read more.


Men like Gustav Stresemann were denounced as traitors and help up to public ignominy. In the meantime, Hitler strengthened his ties with the Reichswehr and consequently gained the Chancellorship on Jan 1933. Industrialists and Junkers supported Hitler because of there fear of communism, and if Germany would fall to communist rule, government taking over their industries. If was these influential industrialists who put pressure on the Weimar government for change. It was through this support, which propelled Hitler into power. Though Industrialists played an important role, there was other groups involved played influential roles in propelling Hitler to the Chancellorship. Judiciary and Civil service up to 1933 also played an important role in helping Hitler into power. Following the Beer hall putsch of 1923, where Hitler had failed at his attempt for revolution and the overthrow of the Weimar Republic. The judiciary who were still true conservatives at heart, gave him an extremely light sentence of five years, only nine months of which he had served as he too was a conservative. As the Nazi Patry (NSDAP) had become increasingly popular mainly as a result of the great depression so too had the Conservative elites supported them. If was this combination of old and new right groups such as the shabby deal, Hitler and the Nazi party, Industrialists and Junkers, the army and the Harzburg front who consequently gave Hitler the Chancellorship on Jan 1933. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    Therefore, the people of Germany were more attracted to parties such as the Nazi party who promised just this. The inability of the coalition to compromise meant that the Nazis were given an easy path to power, because the coaltion was split, and an individual party could become stong as

  2. To what extent was the backstairs intrigue responsible for Hitler being able to take ...

    The last straw came when an unfounded rumor swept through Berlin that Schleicher was about to attempt a military coup, arrest Hindenburg, and establish a military dictatorship. Alarmed, Hindenburg wasted no time offering Hitler the Chancellorship, thinking it was a last resort to save the Republic.

  1. Was Hitler’s Rise To Power Between 1929 And Jan 1933 Inevitable?

    At no time in his political career did Hitler and the Nazi party have an overall majority in the Reichstag they always had to form a coalition. The Nazis had 43.9% of the votes in the 1933 elections this was very close to a majority.

  2. How significant was Nazi Propaganda in maintaining Hitler in power in the years ...

    Not only did this promise to give many workers new opportunities previously unavailable to them, such as weekend trips, Mediterranean cruises or the possibility of buying a 'people's car' (Volkswagen) through new saving schemes; it also cleverly distracted workers from their loss of rights such as Trade Union membership and

  1. adolf hitler

    The SA wore grey jackets, brown shirts (khaki shirts originally intended for soldiers in Africa but purchased in bulk from the German Army by the Nazi Party), swastika armbands, ski-caps, knee-breeches, thick woolen socks and combat boots. Accompanied by bands of musicians and carrying swastika flags, they would parade through the streets of Munich.

  2. "How influential was Hitler's role in the rise of the Nazi Party 1920-1933?"

    Throughout his time within the home his thirst for reading increased he read upon philosophy, race and nationalism. The utter misery of his poverty also deeply influenced Hitler. He adopted a harsh, survivalist mentality, which meant that he would leave little room for kindness and compassion within his attitude that would greatly influence his future.

  1. What factor brought Hitler to power in Jan 1933?

    Germany was now ruled by presidential decree. But the president was an 84 year old war hero, and who seemed to be well past his prime.3. It seemed that the Weimar government was making a mess of everything and now people who didn't vote before started to.

  2. Explain which factors played the most important role in bringing the Nazi Party to ...

    There where many other factors that added to the country's problems, however I deem these two to be the main terms that ruined the country's pride and economy. The country, after these events had lost confidence in their government after they had given in so easily to signing the Treaty of Versailles.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work