• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the significance of Schliemann's excavation at

Extracts from this document...


Assess the significance of Schliemann's excavation at Troy upon the development of Ancient History Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann's ability to challenge academic establishment make him an appealing yet dubious character. The German's late nineteenth century excavations of Truva are often considered to have shed new light on ancient history or 'undoubtedly destroyed a great deal of archaeological data that will forever be lost1. Despite the praise and glorification that surrounds the romantic stems of Schliemann's work; his excavations have proved limited to the evolution of archaeology and ancient history. However some of Schliemann's methodologies have often been considered significant in context to the evolution of both fields. His 'great desire to affirm his hypotheses2' has lead to important ancient historical data such as demonstrating Greek civilisation had commenced approximately one thousand years earlier then previous scholars estimated. Yet Schliemann's excavations of Hissarlik are not completely revolutionary to the development of ancient history despite the modernisation of his primitive archaeological techniques and his ability to incorporate mythology in interpreting and formulating ancient history, while several contemporaries dismissed its credibility. ...read more.


Historian and critic of Schliemann, David A. Traill comments on the importance of the excavations, 'his (Schliemann's) excavations, particularly those at Troy...opened up...whole new worlds of archaeology.' Schliemann's excavations (1870-1890) have uncovered the walls, gates and foundations of Troy, as well as the ill-identified 'Priam's Treasure.' These pioneering discoveries serve as a launching pad for ancient history, providing Schliemann and ancient history with the knowledge of a Bronze Age civilisation earlier than Mycenae. A civilization, previously never known by scholars to have existed. Further work on Schliemann's finds by modern archaeaologists has lead to continuing investigations into pre-classical Greece (6th - 1st century BC). 'That Hissarlik was more likely than Pinarbarsi, lead him to excavate Mycenae in 1876 and discover the previously unknown Mycenaean civilization, and lead him to perform a second more refined set of excavations at Hissarlik.'4 Without this knowledge of Mycenaean civilization, almost two thousand years (3000-1100 BC) of classical Greek history would be omitted. 'Because of the importance of the sites he excavated and the extraordinary wealth of finds they produced, Schliemann's work remains a cornerstone of classical archaeology.'5 The German's ability to acknowledge oral history and mythology as valuable to the creation of historical data is significant and perhaps revolutionary. ...read more.


The accuracy of his excavation reports can...be questioned, most seriously with regard to Troy. The account of how he came to identify Hissarlik as the site of Homer's Troy...is dishonest.'6 However the doubts over the reliability of his archaeological records, may have contributed to the stricter and more disciplined standards maintained in publishing archaeological findings. In the development of ancient history as a discipline, Schliemann has provided a significant contribution. In conclusion, opinion is divided in archaeological circles over Heinrich Schliemann's significance to the development of ancient history. 'He was one of the great pioneers of modern archaeology, and (there are) those who brand him as a liar and a criminal.'7 Despite scholarly reaction being divided, Schliemann's successful yet crude techniques are significant yet not revolutionary; Schliemann's discovery of an unknown civilization did contribute to the broadening of ancient history; his ability to see the great value of oral history and mythology brought significant development to historical methodologies and Schliemann's flawed yet revealing archaeological techniques have allowed archaeology to improve, in learning from its errors. However 'Schliemann was amongst the first to use archaeology as a means of solving historical problems rather than as a way of accumulating works of art...(and) opened up, as he claimed, whole new worlds for archaeology. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Age Of Exploration And Discovery

    The ships were loaded with enough food to last a year, as well as tools, weapons and other equipment. On 3rd August 1492, the little fleet at last set sail from the port of Palos. After leaving Spain, the ships headed south-west towards the Canary Islands.

  2. From the evidence available, trace the development of the Jewellery Quarter in the ...

    potholes and were damaged to such an extent that it would cause goods to be damaged when transported along the roads. The canals provided a smooth surface, however and helped the goods to be exported quickly and safely, thus allowing the Jewellery Quarter to expand.

  1. Roosevelt's New Deal

    who they do not like so the charge that Roosevelt was dictator was not true. The last point from Source B talks about the strengthening of the government and the expansion of government actives to help people. Source C also tells us about what happened in 1938.

  2. Describe law and order in the late nineteenth century

    This became extremely significant for detectives use, as it gave the detectives an idea of who the culprit of this murder just might be. The first conviction of fingerprinting was in 1902. The first photographer was appointed in 1901. It was based upon Galton's observations and devised by Sir Henry.

  1. war poems

    The reality of the horror had still to be discovered. This poem mirrors the sentiments expressed in " The Charge of the Light Brigade ". This event took place in 1854 and is still remembered as one of the most famous triumphs in British history.

  2. Historical Accuracy in Equiano's Novel

    His curiosity simply led him to investigate what other writers had written about the incident. Vincent Carretta claims that Equiano never visited, much less was born in Africa. Rather, he was born into slavery in South Carolina (96). These claims are Rodriguez 4 fueled by two important documents: his baptismal record and a Navy muster roll.

  1. Using Livy, How Great a General was Hannibal?

    In addition he made the descent easier on his troops by cutting a Z shape into a cliff so they could walk down without incident. Over the 16 years that he was in enemy territory he managed to keep his mercenary troops united, despite their differences in language and religion.

  2. Thucydides' historical technique.

    The point in mentioning this is to show the expertise that Thucydides would have had with describing military events, and the inside knowledge that he would have had holding such a high office earlier on in the war. An example of the importance of this can be seen in later historians work, such as Livy, the Roman historian.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work