• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the significance of Schliemann's excavation at

Extracts from this document...


Assess the significance of Schliemann's excavation at Troy upon the development of Ancient History Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann's ability to challenge academic establishment make him an appealing yet dubious character. The German's late nineteenth century excavations of Truva are often considered to have shed new light on ancient history or 'undoubtedly destroyed a great deal of archaeological data that will forever be lost1. Despite the praise and glorification that surrounds the romantic stems of Schliemann's work; his excavations have proved limited to the evolution of archaeology and ancient history. However some of Schliemann's methodologies have often been considered significant in context to the evolution of both fields. His 'great desire to affirm his hypotheses2' has lead to important ancient historical data such as demonstrating Greek civilisation had commenced approximately one thousand years earlier then previous scholars estimated. Yet Schliemann's excavations of Hissarlik are not completely revolutionary to the development of ancient history despite the modernisation of his primitive archaeological techniques and his ability to incorporate mythology in interpreting and formulating ancient history, while several contemporaries dismissed its credibility. ...read more.


Historian and critic of Schliemann, David A. Traill comments on the importance of the excavations, 'his (Schliemann's) excavations, particularly those at Troy...opened up...whole new worlds of archaeology.' Schliemann's excavations (1870-1890) have uncovered the walls, gates and foundations of Troy, as well as the ill-identified 'Priam's Treasure.' These pioneering discoveries serve as a launching pad for ancient history, providing Schliemann and ancient history with the knowledge of a Bronze Age civilisation earlier than Mycenae. A civilization, previously never known by scholars to have existed. Further work on Schliemann's finds by modern archaeaologists has lead to continuing investigations into pre-classical Greece (6th - 1st century BC). 'That Hissarlik was more likely than Pinarbarsi, lead him to excavate Mycenae in 1876 and discover the previously unknown Mycenaean civilization, and lead him to perform a second more refined set of excavations at Hissarlik.'4 Without this knowledge of Mycenaean civilization, almost two thousand years (3000-1100 BC) of classical Greek history would be omitted. 'Because of the importance of the sites he excavated and the extraordinary wealth of finds they produced, Schliemann's work remains a cornerstone of classical archaeology.'5 The German's ability to acknowledge oral history and mythology as valuable to the creation of historical data is significant and perhaps revolutionary. ...read more.


The accuracy of his excavation reports can...be questioned, most seriously with regard to Troy. The account of how he came to identify Hissarlik as the site of Homer's Troy...is dishonest.'6 However the doubts over the reliability of his archaeological records, may have contributed to the stricter and more disciplined standards maintained in publishing archaeological findings. In the development of ancient history as a discipline, Schliemann has provided a significant contribution. In conclusion, opinion is divided in archaeological circles over Heinrich Schliemann's significance to the development of ancient history. 'He was one of the great pioneers of modern archaeology, and (there are) those who brand him as a liar and a criminal.'7 Despite scholarly reaction being divided, Schliemann's successful yet crude techniques are significant yet not revolutionary; Schliemann's discovery of an unknown civilization did contribute to the broadening of ancient history; his ability to see the great value of oral history and mythology brought significant development to historical methodologies and Schliemann's flawed yet revealing archaeological techniques have allowed archaeology to improve, in learning from its errors. However 'Schliemann was amongst the first to use archaeology as a means of solving historical problems rather than as a way of accumulating works of art...(and) opened up, as he claimed, whole new worlds for archaeology. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Evaluate the arguments for and against oral history as an historical method.

    (York, B 1993 p.15) When it is realised that all historical information is subject to an individuals perception at one time, there seems no logical argument to discredit or ignore oral history as a reliable source of information in a social concept.

  2. Using Livy, How Great a General was Hannibal?

    [he] had not familiarised himself with the roads or the lie of the country"16. However, Hannibal did not know what effect travelling through a marsh would have on his troops after the battle of Trebia. In my opinion he made mistakes while trying to outmanoeuvre Publius Scipio before he got to Italy.

  1. Roosevelt's New Deal

    when he resumed office he might become a dictator just as Hitler did when he became Chancellor in January 1933. Also, the author of Source B thinks that the American people have too much power vested in their hands because they can vote in who they like or vote out

  2. Describe law and order in the late nineteenth century

    Also, keeping policeman/men at each point where robberies were mostly being commited, so they can be culprit can be prosecuted before he/she strikes again. By 1887, some forensic progress was made. This was due to a man named John Toms who was convicted of murder, by insidentally using the torn

  1. The Age Of Exploration And Discovery

    But he was also very religious. He believed that he had been given the special task by God - to take Christianity to the Indies. Before he could set sail, Columbus needed to find a sponsor who would pay for a voyage across the Atlantic. Voyages of exploration were very risky, expensive and some explorers either disappeared or returned without finding anything useful.

  2. Historical Accuracy in Equiano's Novel

    Having "slavery" in their background was one strike, but to actually be from Africa was another. Another main point Carretta brings up is that he was never referred to as Olaudah Equiano until he wrote this book (96). A majority of the people he spoke with after obtaining freedom referred to him as Gustavus Vassa.

  1. The purpose of Stanton Drew Stone Circles

    Other sites like Stonehenge and Avebury had a Henge running around them and it is likely that this site did also have a Henge. There are two alignments. The first being from the cove through the centre of the great circle to the centre of the North East Circle.

  2. From the evidence available, trace the development of the Jewellery Quarter in the ...

    to buy any new tools as the same tools used to make jewellery were also used to make toys. Also, the workers could set up workshops in their houses as they did not need much equipment, and so it was simply easier to work at home.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work