• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the significance of the Treaty of Versailles in the reasons for the eventual collapse of Democracy in Germany between 1

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the significance of the Treaty of Versailles in the reasons for the eventual collapse of Democracy in Germany between 1918-1934. Despite that 'the idea of democracy had finally succeeded in shaping the constitution and institutions of Germany, the Treaty and other significant factors were evident in the inevitable collapse of Democracy in Germany. The real position of the Weimar Republic was determined by the unequivocal military defeat of the German empire and its severe restriction of power in the Versailles peace treaty.'1 Emphasis upon the ideological establishment of pluralistic democracy within Weimar Republic, 'was resisted and continually undermined both by powerful and influential forces in the central government administration and by local business interests.'2 Bessel suggests 'the collapse of Weimar democracy was due to a peculiar combination of long-term and short-term pressures. These pressures, many of which are found in other industrial societies, came together with particular force in Weimar Germany.'3 Despite the significant influence of the Treaty and its reparations evoking a sense of hatred and anger amongst the German populace, there were numerous factors contributing to the eventual collapse of Democracy. 'Economic constraints in particular, both domestic and international, greatly limited the possibilities for positive political actions.'4 Democracy was weakened severely after the onset of the economic depressions in 1922-23 and 1929-1930. ...read more.

Middle

crash had peculiarly serious implications, given the dependence of the German economy on short-term loans from abroad which were rapidly withdrawn.'13 Some of the staggering results included the rise of unemployment to over 6 million, by the beginning of 1933. 'No compromise could be reached between alternative schemes, with unions, employers, and members of the different parties all having very different positions on the matter, characterised by varying degrees of intransigence.'14 The presence of extensive hyperinflation was also prominent in stirring the disillusioned middle class. Thus, fiscal and monetary problems caused the first presidential cabinet to be appointed to rule without serious regard to democracy in March 1930, amounting to the collapse of the inherently unstable and ill-fated Weimar Republic. Salmon indeed comments that 'Germany had undergone traumatic economic crises, which had undermined the integrity of the Weimar Republic.'15 The presence of underlying political structural problems were evident and prominent in the eventual collapse of a democratic Germany. These contentions lay 'deeper than the criticisms of the (Weimar) constitutional framework.'16 Despite the success encountered by the republic during the Reichstag elections of January 1919, difficulties were manifested in the very nature of the Weimar political establishment. 'The republic was confronted by political opposition from the extreme left and right, whilst its democratic supporters were faced with the ongoing problem of creating and maintaining government coalitions.'17 The 'final political crisis' of 1932 was instrumental in the demise of the Weimar Republic and the triumph of Nazism. ...read more.

Conclusion

1319 2 McElligott, A., The Collapse of Weimar, History Today, from the compendium, Book III 3 Bessel, R., Why Did the Weimar Republic Collapse?, from the compendium, Book III. pp. 148 4 ibid, pp. 121 5 ibid, pp. 133 6 Bracher, K.D., The Nazi Takeover, , from the compendium Book IV, pp. 1319 7 Layton, G., From Bismarck to Hitler: Germany 1890-1933, pp. 89 8 ibid, pp. 90 9 ibid 10 ibid, pp. 91 11 Bessel, R., Why Did the Weimar Republic Collapse?, from the compendium, Book III. pp. 124 12 ibid 13 Fulbrooke, M., A Concise History of Germany, pp. 172 14 ibid, pp. 173 15 Salmon, P., Weimar Republic: Could it have survived?, Modern History Review, from the compendium Book III, pp. 10 16 Layton, G., From Bismarck to Hitler: Germany 1890-1933, pp. 98 17 ibid 18 Salmon, P., Weimar Republic: Could it have survived?, (1992) Modern History Review, from the compendium Book III, pp. 9 19 Bessel, R., Why Did the Weimar Republic Collapse?, from the compendium, Book III. pp. 141 20 ibid 21 ibid, pp. 132 22 James, H., Economic Reasons for the Collapse of the Weimar Republic, from the compendium Book III. pp. 30 23 ibid, pp. 133 24 Bracher, K.D., The Nazi Takeover, , from the compendium Book IV, pp. 1319 25 Salmon, P., Weimar Republic: Could it have survived?, (1992) Modern History Review, from the compendium Book III, pp. 10 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Treaty Of versailles

    5 star(s)

    I agree that Germany was not treated fairly at Versailles and that the treaty was harsh for various reasons. Firstly the treaty was a diktat. This meant that Germany could not negotiate during the proceedings of the treaty. But at first it was meant to be a cease-fire which meant that Germany could have a say of their future.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Why did international peace collapse by 1939?

    3 star(s)

    In 1939, Hitler was preparing for war. Though he was hoping to acquire Poland without force (as he had annexed Austria the year before), Hitler was planning against the possibility of a two front war. Since fighting a two front war in World War I had split Germany's forces, it

  1. Explain how the Treaty of Versailles created many problems for Germany in the period ...

    As the Nazi's marched to the city centre, their route was blocked by armed police and soldiers. Firing broke out and 16 Nazi's and 3 policemen were killed. Hitler and Ludendorff were arrested. The putsch failed largely because Hitler over-estimated his support, and the army and police stayed loyal to the government.

  2. Was the collapse of the Weimar Republic inevitable?

    Hyper inflation hit the middle class the hardest. They had that little bit more money than the working classes, and therefore had savings. However, hyperinflation saw the value of their savings totally wiped out. Hyperinflation and the collapse of the currency obviously reflected badly on the Government, and made it more unpopular with many Germans.

  1. The rise of Hitlers power was based upon a number of long term problems ...

    In an attempt to restore authority in Germany, a group of social democrats known as the 'Social democratic part of Germany (SDP) established the Weimar government. The success of the Weimar government created numerous job opportunities for German citizen and almost completely ended starvation amongst Germans.

  2. Account for the failure of democracy in Germany in the period 1928 to 1934.

    Thus, the first major factor attributing to the downfall of democracy in Germany was the preceding failure of the Weimar Government politically, structurally, and economically to take a firm hold over Germany. The Nazi Party's strength in three main areas allowed it to precipitate the failure of democracy in Germany.

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    Strikes were called, and passive resistance was encouraged. These strikes lasted eight months, further damaging the economy and raising expensive imports. Since striking workers were paid benefits by the state, much additional currency was printed, fueling a period of hyperinflation.

  2. The collapse of the Weimar republic.

    Bruning, to his own claiming, had in fact "almost attained his goal". Bruning was, moreover, accountable for the collapse of the Weimar Republic because he failed to keep the confidence of Hindenburg. Bruning's proposal to employ 600,000 unemployed workers on junker estates in East Prussia.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work