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Assessing the German Threat 1945-1990

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Introduction

Assessing the German Threat 1945-1990 May 8th 1945, the end of an era. V.E. Day. A day remembered by millions who went through the terror of war between Hitler's army and the West. Finally the West was safe from the threat of the Germans, no more fear, pain or terror, the West was now secure, or was it? April 30th 1945 saw the death of one of the worlds greatest dictators, Adolf Hitler, the man whose name was synonymous with power, who ran terror through the Western world, the leader who commanded that millions of Jews should be persecuted and believed in an aerian race. Did the death of this man who put fear and insecurity in the western world mean that everyone was free from the German threat? According to USA ambassador W. Averell Harriman the threat of Germany and the security of their enemies could not be eliminated that easily. " Stalin was afraid of Germany, Khrushcehev was afraid of Germany, the present people Brezhnoz are afraid of Germany- and I am afraid of Germany... The soviets have a feeling that the Germans can arouse a situation which will involve us and that will lead to disaster." (www.ncesa.org.html/centralbomb3.html) Article-The centrality of the Bomb. G. Alperovizt It is clear from this statement that Harriman is aware of the threat of Germany and the insecurity felt by other world leaders included in his statement. Harriman does also state that he too is afraid of what the Germans can do, but in this statement Harriman makes it quite clear that the soviets are the people who feel as though the Germans are a threat to national and international security. ...read more.

Middle

Especially as West Germany had now become close in international relations with America and East Germany so closely associated with communism. Under the power of Ardenaur, West Germany had virtually eliminated communism and was under strict instructions of America and their Marshall plan, to help Europe recover from the devastation of war. West Germany's new status with the elite countries of the world saw their national army disarmed and becoming a member of the North Atlantic treaty Organization (NATO) in May 1955. By doing this West Germany was showing the world, that their army was not there to attack surrounding countries and the rest of the West, they had now joined an international organisation and had to agree to and compromise the rules set out by NATO. In response to West Germanys membership of NATO, the GDR of Germany decided to become part of the Warsaw Pact, which was signed by seven other European nations and had a parallel purpose to that of NATO. However, the signatories of the Warsaw pact, made it extremely clear in article two that they intended to take 'effective measures towards a general reduction of armaments and prohibition of atomic, hydrogen and other weapons of mass destruction.' (Warsaw Treaty, Article 2) In relation to this intention, it was made clear to the rest of the world that the threat of mass destruction by use of ABC weapons in correspondence to GDR and the rest of the Warsaw Pact was not a viable option of arms. ...read more.

Conclusion

They all agreed that the main purpose of the ECSC was to assist each member state with economic expansion, employment and improving the standard of living. Germany in particular liked to maintain close relations with France, better known as Franco-German relations. These relations gave a clear indication that France felt completely secure with Germany compared to a decade ago. De Gualle and Ardenaur were convinced that their relations were constructive and insisted that all European states join them in pushing European integration forward. The Oder-Neisse line had always been ammunition for Polish and East German conflict, the Polish wanted the East Germans to recognise that the border belonged to the Polish. In 1950 East Germany and Poland did in fact sign a peace treaty, but formal recognition of the Oder-Neisse line came in 1970, which saw Willy Brandt sign a treaty recognising the Oder-Neisse as the Polish border. German-Polish relations were finally easing out and becoming more peaceful. In conclusion, the main factors that gave the world the impression that Germany was a threat to world security, had been abolished. This was done through painstaking work, undertaken by German and world wide civilians. Also the leaders of the nations which helped Germany through the ruins of the war. A threat no longer existed, security was tight and Germany was a nation now prosperous and organized. However, the divide between the FRG the GDR, was yet to be resolved. It would be many years after World War II that Germany would see a reunification, but with all factors considered they were on the way... ...read more.

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