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Attacks on Weimar Republic.

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Daniel Hoij 10C 6th November 2001 Attacks on Weimar Republic The provisional coalition government, called the Weimar Republic was formed in November 1918. It was formed between the moderate Social Democrats under Friedrich Ebert and the more radical Independent Social Democrats, who were hoping for a more fundamental socialist revolution. Friedrich Ebert won the election and became president of the republic in February 1919. Most middle-class citizens of Germany accepted the Weimar Republic, but some working-class Germans did not agree with the republic. These people were extreme left-wing Communists, who pursued a policy of violent opposition to the Weimar Republic. These left wing people were known as Spartacists, and were led by Rosa Luxembourg and Karl Liebknecht. The name Spartacists were given to these extreme left-wing communists because Liebknecht signed a series of revolutionary antiwar articles with the name Spartacus; being the name of the leader of a great slave revolt in ancient Rome. These two gathered more and more working classes together, making themselves known as the German Communist Party (KPD). They did not like war and wanted a revolution for Germany, to turn it into a Communist Country, like Russia had done. Their enemies at first were the Weimar Government as they did not like the Spartacists' views on revolution, but later on they also became the enemy of the extreme right wing, also known as the Nazi Party. ...read more.


In 1920, some of the government's Freikorps turned against the Weimar Republic and were angered by the government's order to disband army units to agree with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. These Freikorps seized the capital, Berlin, and set up a new government, under the control of Wolfgang Kapp (an extreme right-wing politician). The Weimar tried to get the army to get rid of this revolt, but the army refused to kill their own army. The Weimar government thought up a very clever plan, where they paralysed all communications. The country came to a stand still and although some more people sympathized with the Kapp Putsch, they realised that the revolt was failing and did not join it. The revolt ended shortly after it had begun, and the Weimar Government resumed its job in Berlin. When the 1920 election came, the Weimar had to form coalitions with the Centre Party and right-wing German People's Party (DVP) in order to win the election. In the election, the USP were very successful but over half of the party left to join the German Communist Party. The German Communist Party then with their increased quantity, tried to overthrow the government yet again, like in the Spartacist's Putsch. ...read more.


The Weimar Republic survived all of these attacks and riots from the German Communist Party, the right-wing Kapp Putsch and the French and Belgian armies because of their strong army and strong government. They had ordered the Freikorps to destroy the uprising and revolt that the Spartacists had created and therefore they were victorious in the end. The Kapp Putsch was defeated by outsmarting them. The quick thinking of the government, of shutting down all the communications, succeeded and they once again were victorious. The government's strong thinking also solved the French and Belgian armies and the Ruhr Crisis. By appointing the new government, run by Stresemann, they could continue to pay reparations and get rid of the French and Belgian. Their final threat made by Hitler was quite a strong one, but because of their devious thinking, they tricked him and managed to arrest him and his soldiers. They had a strong link with the middle class, who allowed them to win the election as they could still destroy the German Communists, the right wing, and the French and Belgian, and still have the majority of the vote. By defeating all of these problems, the Weimar Government proved to the Germans that they were the only government that was strong enough to withstand anything, and because of this reason, the Germans still wanted them and therefore voted for them yet again. ...read more.

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