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Battle of Hastings

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Introduction

On October 14th, 1066 William won the Battle of Hastings. He defeated Harold Godwinson and became William 1st of England. Why did William win? Well there are quite a few reasons why William won and these include good leadership, good preparation not forgetting luck. In this essay will explain how William won and tell you what things helped William win the battle the most. In January 1066, Edward the Confessor died leaving no heir for the throne so the Witan were in search for a new king. There were three main contenders who stood a chance in earning the throne: Harold Godwinson, Harald Hardrada and William Duke of Normandy. Harold was crowned king in January 1066 but both Harald Hardrada and William strongly believed they had the right to the throne so they both invaded. Harald managed to get there first and invade at the north but Harold Godwinson's army defeated them and then William landed at the south so Harold Godwinson had to march down to the south and fight the great Battle of Hastings. ...read more.

Middle

He had a great store of weapons and had built many ships to carry him across the sea but because the wind blowing in the wrong direction he couldn't cross the sea but that turned out to be a good thing for him. Harold Godwinson had a lot of bad luck at this time and Harold's bad luck is equivalent to William's good luck so William had a lot of good luck. William was ready to cross the channel but the wind was blowing in the wrong direction so he couldn't cross, at first he thought it was his bad luck but Harold and his army were waiting at the south of England but then they ran out of food so they had had to go back home then Harold Hardrada invaded the North of England so they had to go up to the north and battle the Vikings, luckily the Vikings were not ready for the battle and it was easy for the English to defeat them but nonetheless some of Harold's best men were killed which was good luck for William and at the end William told his archers to fire over the shields and luckily one of arrows hit Harold in the eye, that also falls down into leadership. ...read more.

Conclusion

in the North when he came down with his army to the South which really was a bad decision and gave him a major disadvantage against William. Overall, both were good leaders but William's change of tactics in the middle was pure genius. I think there were two reasons why William won. The first one was luck, because of the wind William crossed the sea later and he happened to reach England when Harold was still fighting in the north plus some of Harold's men were killed up in the North and the men surviving in Harold's army were exhausted by the time they had got to the battle and were not ready to battle. The second one and the one I think was more important was leadership, William was a true leader, if it wasn't for his clever tactics the shield wall wouldn't have broken and Harold would have a much bigger chance of winning so even if you have a good army you can only win with a great leader and that's what William was, a great leader and that's why William won, great leadership and a bit of luck. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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