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Battle of Hastings

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Introduction

The Battle of Hastings 1066 The battle of Hastings occurred on October 14th 1066 at Senlac Hill, northwest of Hastings. The battle was between the Norman army of William the Conqueror and the English army led by Harold Godwinson. This battle led to the Norman Conquest of England. William the Conqueror killed Godwinson and claimed the throne and later became King William I though he did face some further resistance from the English. The Bayeux Tapestry a famous tapestry believed to portray the events before and after the battle shows that William's won the battle by throwing an arrow in Godwinson's eye thus leading to his death. While the English army lacked with only 7,500 soldiers all specialised in infantry the Norman army excelled with 8,400 soldiers split into sectors cavalry, infantry, archers and crossbowmen. ...read more.

Middle

William's tactics were not giving the estimated result as the English were not affected or softened by the archers, so William switched to the cavalry earlier. This too failed, as the horses shied away even though they were carefully trained and specially bred. The Normans were allied with the Breton and Flemish divisions while the English were supported by fyrdmen and Harold's own brothers Leofwyne and Gyrthe. An hour into the battle, the Breton division had fled from the scene, paired with the heavy casualties the Norman and Flemish divisions retreated realising they would be quickly defeated. Thinking of this as an oppurtunity many of the English broke ranks. Later, William's horse was killed from underneath him and was presumed dead, so the Norman's were taking flight, but William stood and took off his helmet to reassure his army that he was alive. ...read more.

Conclusion

After the battle, William allowed his army to rest for two weeks whilst waiting for the English Lords to approach, though they never came. William then proceeded to London; through this he lost a grave number of his soldiers by dysentery, William was also ill. Edgar the Atheling was elected kings in the wake of Harold's death but on Christmas day 1066, William was crowned king. There are reminders of the battle of Hastings, such as, the Bayeux tapestry a visual recollection of how the battle was played and Battle Abbey was placed upon the site at which was battled upon and a plaque placed upon where Harold was rumoured to have fallen. This was also the last successful invasion of England and also introduced European rather than Scandinavian society onto this isolated country. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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