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Battle of the Somme

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The Battle Of The Somme On 1st July 1916, Haig and Joffre planned a joint Anglo-French attack on the German lines . The action was designed to relieve some of the strain on the French at Verdun. Haig was hopeful that they would break through the German There was an eight-day artillery bombardment, 1537 British guns fired 1,723,873 rounds. The sound of the fire could be heard in England. The aim was firstly to kill German soldiers but secondly to destroy the German barbed wire The bombardments were no powerful enough to break down the 9 meter deep trenches, and the shrapnel was not strong enough to break down the barbed wire which was a barrier for in infantry . ...read more.


They all thought that the Germans had been destroyed by the bombardment , so all the men were ordered by the Generals to walk in straight lines across no mans land. They were slaughtered. They went down in their hundreds. The Germans didn't have to aim they just had to fire and they were sure to get someone. All the troops were all ordered just to carry pistols. Some detonated mines so that they could cover themselves Some British units captured enemy positions, but in the afternoon the Germans recaptures most of their land back they had lost earlier. British casualties on the first day were 20,000 dead and more than 35,000 wounded , probably more than any war on any one day. ...read more.


By August, Lloyd George the prime minister had lost confidence in Haig. At home a propaganda film made to encourage support for the war, backfired back at them. There was much grief and horror as they saw what they were going through. The film was quickly taken off screen. At the front, also, morale began to fall. The British troops had reached the limit of their ongoing endurance and had had enough. On the 18 November, as winter came near the battle grinded to a halt . Only 6 miles of ground had been taken. The final calculated casualties were: British 415,000, French 195,000, Germans perhaps 600,000. Lloyd George called the battle of the Somme: 'The most gigantic, tenacious, grim, futile and bloody fight ever waged in the history or war'. Joe Taylor 4G ...read more.

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