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Battle of the Somme

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Introduction

The Battle of the Somme The battle of the Somme took place in World War One in France between the English and the Germans. The prime objective of the battle was to relieve pressure from the French fort Verdun. Other objectives were to make the Germans retreat and to take the German trenches along with no mans land. In the first day if the battle 20,000 lives were lost. The British planned had planned to bomb the German lines for a week with one and a half million shells and 1400 guns. The shells were designed to kill the enemies and to destroy the barbed wire which protected the enemy lines. ...read more.

Middle

The British faced many problems. A third of the shells that had been fired didn't explode. Also the shells that were fired to destroy the barbed wire didn't destroy the wire but made it harder to get through by tangling it because the wire would leave the ground, go into the air and then return to the ground with knots in it. Last of all the shells that had been fired hadn't killed hardly any German soldiers compared to what they had planned to. This was due to the fact that the Germans had survived by digging deep dugouts which protected them. To protect themselves the Germans hid themselves in the dugouts while the bombing was taking place. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also the British were all crowded together and had been told to walk the distance and so the German machine gunners found it very hard to miss their targets. 50% of the men who took part in the attack were either killed or injured. Although the start of the battle was not an instant success it did achieve its primary objective to relieve the pressure from the French fort at Verdun. My advice for new tactics would be to bomb the German lines at different times to take them by surprise, to use the tank bomb the German lines along with aircraft, to attacked at night so the enemy machine gunners could not see their targets or to have used decoys to trick the Germans. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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