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Berlin Blockade

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The Beginning of the Cold War: The Berlin Blockade The Cold War: The cold war was a political war between two ideological systems. The U.S.S.R and the USA regarded each others' ideological systems as political takeover threats to each other. For this reason, they became fierce enemies. The U.S.S.R was having its rapid expansion across most of Asia with their communist system, and it was on the brink of taking over most of Europe until Churchill created the "Iron Curtain". It was a phrase used by Churchill to show the division of Communism on the West, and Capitalism on the West. Both sides were in a race of military, political, economical and many more to put the other side down. Characteristics of the Cold War: The political systems were at the heart of the characteristics, because they begun and raised more needs for both sides. The ideologies clashed from the beginning of the post-World War two conferences. ...read more.


Russian spies found out about this secret development, and it caused more trouble. Konstantin Koval, who was from the Soviet military administration said: "he gathered all of us together and readout an intelligence report. The report stated that a secret conference about Germany was held in London". (CNN, The Cold War) The U.S. built a Marshall plan, which was often what the Allies did in the Cold War - by developing a plan. This plan had 2 functions, they were to rebuild countries of Europe and repel communism after World War 2. The news spread through Germany, and the Russians acted upon it straight away. They started searching traffic both on rail and any roads going into Berlin in March 1948. At this point British convoys were stopped at Russian checkpoints and trains to West Berlin were turned back and delayed. On 23rd June, the Americans and the French introduced a new currency for Germany; their Bizonial currency was called the "Deutschmark. ...read more.


In the winter of 1948, electricity supplies were cut-off. Homes were only supplied with four hours of electricity per day. Berlin's people survived on dried potatoes, powdered eggs and meat curs. At the same time, people were bribed to move to the eastern sectors for extra rations and 2% of the people accepted. This was a characteristic as bribery was often used as a means of getting people on your side. In February secret talks were being held. During the Cold War peace talks were rare, but worthwhile and always seemed to work much like this one. They agreed that Eastern Berlin would become communist for the next 40 years. On 12th May 1949, Stalin reopened the borders. At the same time Britain, the United States and France formed the Federal republic of West Germany which was a link to the West. In October, the German Democratic Republic was formed on the other side of the Iron curtain. Again, countries formed relationships with other countries to prepare for a future fight against their opponents. The Berlin Blockade was just the beginning of the Cold War... ...read more.

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