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Berlin Blockade

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Introduction

Exam question -Berlin Blockade a) What was the Cold war? The cold war was a period of time when there was great tension mainly between the two super-powers: United States and the USSR but also their allies and surrounding countries. This occurred between the end of the Second World War and the early 1990s. The main disagreements were to do with control or political influence in the countries liberated from Germany after the war. USA and USSR had very opposing views on what system these countries should have. USA wished for countries to be socialist; whereas USSR wanted to influence communism. Rather than going at each other in an all out war, they attempted to obtain their way through subtle methods. b) Why did tension between the Soviet Union and the West increase after the Potsdam conference? Tension between the west and the Soviet Union increased after the Potsdam conference because of the many disagreements that were discussed there and the clear different political views of the two opposing sides. ...read more.

Middle

Despite the many disagreements, one thing that was decided was that America was to use the atomic bomb on Japan. However, this caused further tension because at Yalta it had been agreed that USSR were to help in defeating Japan after Germany had been defeated. They were happy to do this because it meant that they would be able to influence their communistic ideals there. This was the reason that the USA decided to drop the bombs to end the war quickly before the Soviets got involved. This angered the Soviets. Furthermore, the power of America's atomic bomb scared Stalin, which furthered the tension even more. Ultimately, the increase in tension between the Soviet Union and the west can be blamed on clash in personalities and beliefs between the leaders, which caused them to disagree on almost everything. c) ...read more.

Conclusion

This escalated the cold war because it had been agreed at Yalta that Berlin was to be split into four sections and the joining up of these western sections went against the agreements at Yalta. This alliance caused USA to set up NATO and the USSR responded by starting their own pact, which they called the Warsaw Pact. However, there were other causes for the cold war escalating. A similar situation was occurring throughout the whole of Europe. Stalin continued to force his communistic influence on the governments of Eastern Europe, whereas America tried to get people to be socialists and pumped in extreme amounts of money in marshal aid to do this. In conclusion, although the Berlin Blockade played a role in escalating the cold war, there were other factors that also affected this. Every action performed by either of the two super powers was met with a response from the other and this caused the tension to increase and escalated the war. ...read more.

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