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Between 1840 and 1900 living conditions in towns improved, how did the work of the government, local councils and individuals bring this about?

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Introduction

Between 1840 and 1900 living conditions in towns improved, how did the work of the government, local councils and individuals bring this about? In this assignment I am going to look at how the living conditions within towns improved between 1840 and 1900. Whilst looking at this I will be explaining how the government brought the 1875 artisans dwelling act into force, I shall also be looking at the links between the different groups and show how each one depended on the other and I will evaluate the roles and contributions of all the groups throughout my essay. In 1840 the streets conditions were covered in dirt, starting from plastic all the way to human waste running down open sewers. There was no education for people unless it was paid for and it wasn't cheap, also poor clothing and food, and in those days there was no free medical care so many people who got a serious illness mainly didn't have the money to cure it and because there was no free education people couldn't gain any experience in order to get a better paid job. In those days people were broken up into different classes, the higher up you were the higher life expectancy you had. ...read more.

Middle

Local government was trying their best to create a solution to cholera but many attempts failed. A man called Joe Bazalgette was working hard to understand how everyone was catching cholera. People began to think that the disease was caused by bad smell, they called this the miasma. Cholera was deadly and people who caught it were probably dead within 48 hours, Bazalgette investigated the existing sewers, as he didn't believe that the miasma was the cause of cholera. Bazalgette had been investigating for a while, he started checking and marking where people were dying until a link was made, and people on one half of a village would die, and on the other side of the village none. People who drank beer wouldn't get infected and people who drank water would, but then people started dying outside the village, then he got a source saying that they got water sent out form a certain pump. He went straight to the government to tell them that he had figured out that the disease was water bourn. The government wouldn't accept that the disease was caused by water and not the miasma. ...read more.

Conclusion

You might say that government wouldn't have given him to money to build new sewers if the smell hadn't of got any worse; they probably would have denied it again if they could have lived with the smell. But Bazalgette had his wish, and off he went to build the new sewers of England in 1859. Bazalgette looked after all his worked and he had employed well, everyone was happy and never went tired. Bazalgette also needed special cement that none had really used before, everyone was amazed and thought it was revolutionary. This was a huge design and with a big idea cams problems, and one was that the brick layers thought they weren't being paid enough for the amount of work they were doing, Bazalgette had tried to say no, but then work came to a standstill. So eventually he gave in, but at least work was happening now. As time went on accidents began to happen, once a gas can exploded, this was because the railway works had dug down into the sewers and caused the explosion. Six men ended up being buried alive, with only few survivors. Bazalgette was upset that his sewers had party been destroyed and that men's lives' had been taken in the process. But in the end Bazalgette was blamed for the whole incidence and then things weren't looking good. ...read more.

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