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Between 1920 and the end of 1933 the production, selling and transporting of alcohol was banned and made illegal.

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Introduction

Ben Hewison USA Coursework Question 2 Between 1920 and the end of 1933 the production, selling and transporting of alcohol was banned and made illegal. This was called prohibition, a year before, 1919 the Voistead Act was passed. Congressmen were the people who voted for prohibition, who had also been voted by people who supported the congressmen and prohibition, when they were promised to support it. Alcohol was seen as a cause of many problems such as medical and social issues. Supporters of prohibition, the campaigning of W.C.T.U and the A.S.L against alcohol were very successful. Prohibition was mainly brought in because of the fear of disease and death, crime, violence, drunken behaviour, neglect and poverty. In 1860 there was a big move of people westward in the USA, most as farmers and miners. ...read more.

Middle

By 1912 there were 9 states that had voted for politicians who supported prohibition and had became dry, but many cities were still wet. Three big employers who supported the A.S.L were Ford, Rockefeller and Dupent, they thought it would effect their efficiency and they were worried about their workers being late and drunk or come to work with hangovers. The A.S.L wanted a national ban in 1915. In 1917 America entered the 1st world war. This was a turning point because the A.S.L linked beer drinking with the enemy and temperance with patriotism. Between 1917 & 1918 the support for prohibition grew. The prohibition campaigners thought they shouldn't become a country of heavy drinkers because it would lead to brutality and cruelty in the way alcohol makes an individual act. They couldn't behave, act and work properly when they got drunk. ...read more.

Conclusion

The alcohol was portrayed as the reason for the German's aggression. They also said that America would never be able to win the war with people drinking alcohol. In 1919 the Volstead act was passed and came into force a year later. The sale, manufacture and transport of alcohol was banned. Prohibition lasted for 13 years and failed. Prohibition was introduced into the USA in 1920. Groups of supporters and campaigners for prohibition were set up. Kansas became the first dry state after the W.C.T.U took their ideas there and found many new supporters. Immigrants arrived and were educated to get alcohol out of their lives. A new organisation was set up called the Anti Saloon League and soon there was another 9 dry states. They blamed alcohol on health issues, the effect in efficiency of businesses, the effort of U.S soldiers and the aggression of the Germans. Prohibition was very ineffective it the lead to crimes and violence ...read more.

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